An Experimental Investigation of a Dual Process Model of HIV-Related Stigma

Jessie Naughton, Peter A. Vanable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


HIV-related stigmatization remains prevalent and harmful to HIV+ individuals. Guided by a dual process model of HIV-related stigma, this study examined the psychological factors governing stigmatizing responses and response adjustments toward HIV+ persons. Hypotheses were tested using a computerized stigma measure that simulated approach/avoidance behavior toward an HIV+ target. Findings indicated that initial reactions to the HIV+ target were predominately negative and associated with endorsement of homophobia. Conversely, subsequent response adjustments reflected greater acceptance of the HIV+ target and were associated with internal motivations to control prejudice. Findings confirm the need for innovative stigma reduction strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-19
Number of pages12
JournalBasic and Applied Social Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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