Recent theoretical models of credit rationing suggest that mortgages are rationed with nonprice terms on the basis of default risk despite the development of secondary mortgage markets and the deregulation of deposit rates. We test this hypothesis using aggregate time series data on FHA and conventional mortgage originations. FHA loans are more expensive for borrowers but provide federal guarantees which protect lenders against default losses. For this reason, FHA loans should be subject to easier credit constraints than conventional mortgages, and the FHA share of mortgage originations should increase with aggregate default risk. Default risk is proxied by a bond rate quality spread consistent with previous studies. Our results imply that default risk-induced mortgage rationing persists in the post disintermediation era, but that FHA programs help offset the overall impact of rationing on housing markets.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Journal of Urban Economics|
|State||Published - Mar 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics and Econometrics
- Urban Studies