An empirical evaluation of activities and classifiers for user identification on smartphones

Chunxu Tang, Vir Phoha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the past few years, smart mobile devices have become ubiquitous. Most of these devices have embedded sensors such as GPS, accelerometer, gyroscope, etc. There is a growing trend to use these sensors for user identification and activity recognition. Most prior work, however, contains results on a small number of classifiers, data, or activities. We present a comprehensive evaluation often representative classifiers used in identification on two publicly available data sets (thus our work is reproducible). Our results include data obtained from dynamic activities, such as walking and running; static postures such as sitting and standing; and an aggregate of activities that combine dynamic, static, and postural transitions, such as sit-to-stand or stand-to-sit. Our identification results on aggregate data include both labelled and unlabeled activities. Our results show that the k-Nearest Neighbors algorithm consistently outperforms other classifiers. We also show that by extracting appropriate features and using appropriate classifiers, static and aggregate activities can be used for user identification. We posit that this work will serve as a resource and a benchmark for the selection and evaluation of classification algorithms for activity based identification on smartphones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 IEEE 8th International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781467397339
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2016
Event8th IEEE International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016 - Niagara Falls, United States
Duration: Sep 6 2016Sep 9 2016

Other

Other8th IEEE International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016
CountryUnited States
CityNiagara Falls
Period9/6/169/9/16

Fingerprint

Smartphones
Classifiers
Classifier
Evaluation
Gyroscopes
Sensors
Accelerometers
Mobile devices
Global positioning system
Sensor
Activity Recognition
Comprehensive Evaluation
Gyroscope
Accelerometer
Classification Algorithm
Mobile Devices
Nearest Neighbor
Benchmark
Resources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Tang, C., & Phoha, V. (2016). An empirical evaluation of activities and classifiers for user identification on smartphones. In 2016 IEEE 8th International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016 [7791159] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/BTAS.2016.7791159

An empirical evaluation of activities and classifiers for user identification on smartphones. / Tang, Chunxu; Phoha, Vir.

2016 IEEE 8th International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016. 7791159.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tang, C & Phoha, V 2016, An empirical evaluation of activities and classifiers for user identification on smartphones. in 2016 IEEE 8th International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016., 7791159, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 8th IEEE International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016, Niagara Falls, United States, 9/6/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/BTAS.2016.7791159
Tang C, Phoha V. An empirical evaluation of activities and classifiers for user identification on smartphones. In 2016 IEEE 8th International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2016. 7791159 https://doi.org/10.1109/BTAS.2016.7791159
Tang, Chunxu ; Phoha, Vir. / An empirical evaluation of activities and classifiers for user identification on smartphones. 2016 IEEE 8th International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016.
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