An analysis of bargaining power for milk cooperatives and milk processors in Florida

Jiaoju Ge, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Richard L. Kilmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Florida dairy market has a few fluid milk processors and many dairy farmers. The dairy farmers are represented in negotiation with the processors by a cooperative. This research builds a theoretical model of bargaining between the processors and a cooperative. The model is applied to the Florida dairy market to examine price negotiations between Florida milk processors and a dairy cooperative. An expectation maximization (EM) algorithm along with maximum likelihood estimation is used to estimate the econometric disequilibrium model with time series data for the period of October 1998 to May 2009. The results show that the class I price set by the Federal Milk Marketing Order is the major factor influencing the cooperative’s supply reservation price. Negotiated quantity and production seasonality affect the processors’ demand reservation price. The processors appear to be more patient and have higher average bargaining power (0.8804) than the cooperative (0.1196). The highest (lowest) bargaining power for the cooperative (processors) occurred in 2008 and the lowest (highest) bargaining power for the cooperative (processors) occurred in 2001.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5159-5168
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Economics
Volume47
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 14 2015

Keywords

  • bargaining power
  • bilateral model
  • expectation maximization
  • milk cooperatives and processors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

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