Amygdala kindling effects on sleep and memory in rats

William S. Stone, Paul E. Gold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Sleep disturbances accompany the development of amygdaloid-kindled seizures in cats. Some of these sleep deficits resemble those seen in aged rats; these latter changes in sleep patterns are correlated with memory impairments in the aged animals. In the present study, we examined the hypothesis that sleep deficits after kindling may be related to memory impairments. Rats were kindled for 4 weeks (2-2.5 weeks after stage 5 seizures) and were then allowed a one week recovery period. Sleep patterns were assessed throughout the kindling and recovery periods. The animals were then trained on an inhibitory avoidance apparatus and tested for retention 24 h later. Only transient sleep changes occurred during the development of kindling (to stage 5 seizures). However, continued kindling resulted in significant reductions in several sleep measures which remained depressed for at least one week after the termination of the kindling trials. As a group, kindled rats were impaired in retention of the inhibitory avoidance learned response. In kindled animals, retention performance was significantly correlated with total paradoxical sleep, the ratio of paradoxical/total sleep, and paradoxical sleep bout duration. These correlations are consistent with the view that deficits in paradoxical sleep may be related to deficits in some forms of memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-140
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 24 1988
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Kindling
  • Memory
  • Rat
  • Seizure
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Amygdala kindling effects on sleep and memory in rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this