Allelically and Differentially Expressed Genes After Infection of Edwardsiella ictaluri in Channel Catfish as Determined by Bulk Segregant RNA-Seq

Yulin Jin, Tao Zhou, Wansheng Jiang, Ning Li, Xiaoyan Xu, Suxu Tan, Huitong Shi, Yujia Yang, Zihao Yuan, Wenwen Wang, Guyu Qin, Shikai Liu, Dongya Gao, Rex Dunham, Zhanjiang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Identification of genetic markers associated with resistance against enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC) is of great interest for genetic enhancement programs of catfish. In the present study, bulk segregant RNA-Seq analysis was applied to determine differentially expressed genes and alleles after ESC infection. Here we report three genomic regions on LG1, LG12, and LG26, containing significant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). These genomic regions aligned well with quantitative trait loci (QTL) previously identified. Within the QTL regions, eleven genes were found to be differentially regulated between phenotypic bulks. Importantly, the QTL on linkage group 1 (LG1) were found to be expressed in the liver, whereas the QTL on LG12 and LG26 were expressed in the intestine, suggesting multiple mechanisms of ESC resistance. It is apparent that apolipoproteins may be important for ESC resistance as the QTL on LG1 included the 14-kDa apolipoprotein genes that are both allelically expressed and differentially expressed between the resistant and susceptible bulks. Traf2 and NCK-interacting protein kinase (TNIK) were found in the QTL on LG12, and it was downregulated in resistant fish, suggesting the importance of NCK downregulation in ESC resistance, as previously reported. In addition, we observed divergent gene expression patterns between the liver and intestine after infection. Immune/inflammatory-related processes were overrepresented from liver DEGs, while those DEGs identified from intestine were enriched for proteolysis and wounding processes. Taken together, the BSR-Seq analysis presented here advanced the knowledge of ESC resistance, providing information of not only positions of QTL but also genes and their differential expression between resistant and susceptible fish, making it one step closer to the identification of the causal genes for ESC resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMarine Biotechnology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Bulk segregant analysis
  • Disease resistance
  • ESC
  • Fish
  • RNA-Seq

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Aquatic Science

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