All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data

B. Abbott, R. Abbott, R. Adhikari, J. Agresti, P. Ajith, B. Allen, R. Amin, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, M. Arain, M. Araya, H. Armandula, M. Ashley, S. Aston, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, Stefan Ballmer, H. Bantilan, B. C. BarishC. Barker, D. Barker, B. Barr, P. Barriga, M. A. Barton, K. Bayer, K. Belczynski, J. Betzwieser, P. T. Beyersdorf, B. Bhawal, I. A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, R. Biswas, E. Black, K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, D. Blair, B. Bland, J. Bogenstahl, L. Bogue, R. Bork, V. Boschi, S. Bose, P. R. Brady, V. B. Braginsky, J. E. Brau, M. Brinkmann, A. Brooks, Duncan Brown, A. Bullington, A. Bunkowski, A. Buonanno, O. Burmeister, D. Busby, R. L. Byer, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J. B. Camp, J. Cannizzo, K. Cannon, C. A. Cantley, J. Cao, L. Cardenas, M. M. Casey, G. Castaldi, C. Cepeda, E. Chalkley, P. Charlton, S. Chatterji, S. Chelkowski, Y. Chen, F. Chiadini, D. Chin, E. Chin, J. Chow, N. Christensen, J. Clark, P. Cochrane, T. Cokelaer, C. N. Colacino, R. Coldwell, R. Conte, D. Cook, T. Corbitt, D. Coward, D. Coyne, J. D E Creighton, T. D. Creighton, R. P. Croce, D. R M Crooks, A. M. Cruise, A. Cumming, J. Dalrymple, E. D'Ambrosio, K. Danzmann, G. Davies, D. Debra, J. Degallaix, M. Degree, T. Demma, V. Dergachev, S. Desai, R. DeSalvo, S. Dhurandhar, M. Díaz, J. Dickson, A. Di Credico, G. Diederichs, A. Dietz, E. E. Doomes, R. W P Drever, J. C. Dumas, R. J. Dupuis, J. G. Dwyer, P. Ehrens, E. Espinoza, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, S. Fairhurst, Y. Fan, D. Fazi, M. M. Fejer, L. S. Finn, V. Fiumara, N. Fotopoulos, A. Franzen, K. Y. Franzen, A. Freise, R. Frey, T. Fricke, P. Fritschel, V. V. Frolov, M. Fyffe, V. Galdi, J. Garofoli, I. Gholami, J. A. Giaime, S. Giampanis, K. D. Giardina, K. Goda, E. Goetz, L. M. Goggin, G. González, S. Gossler, A. Grant, S. Gras, C. Gray, M. Gray, J. Greenhalgh, A. M. Gretarsson, R. Grosso, H. Grote, S. Grunewald, M. Guenther, R. Gustafson, B. Hage, D. Hammer, C. Hanna, J. Hanson, J. Harms, G. Harry, E. Harstad, T. Hayler, J. Heefner, I. S. Heng, A. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M. Hewitson, S. Hild, E. Hirose, D. Hoak, D. Hosken, J. Hough, E. Howell, D. Hoyland, S. H. Huttner, D. Ingram, E. Innerhofer, M. Ito, Y. Itoh, A. Ivanov, D. Jackrel, B. Johnson, W. W. Johnson, D. I. Jones, G. Jones, R. Jones, L. Ju, P. Kalmus, V. Kalogera, D. Kasprzyk, E. Katsavounidis, K. Kawabe, S. Kawamura, F. Kawazoe, W. Kells, D. G. Keppel, F. Ya Khalili, C. Kim, P. King, J. S. Kissel, S. Klimenko, K. Kokeyama, V. Kondrashov, R. K. Kopparapu, D. Kozak, B. Krishnan, P. Kwee, P. K. Lam, M. Landry, B. Lantz, A. Lazzarini, B. Lee, M. Lei, J. Leiner, V. Leonhardt, I. Leonor, K. Libbrecht, P. Lindquist, N. A. Lockerbie, M. Longo, M. Lormand, M. Lubinski, H. Lück, B. Machenschalk, M. MacInnis, M. Mageswaran, K. Mailand, M. Malec, V. Mandic, S. Marano, S. Márka, J. Markowitz, E. Maros, I. Martin, J. N. Marx, K. Mason, L. Matone, V. Matta, N. Mavalvala, R. McCarthy, D. E. McClelland, S. C. McGuire, M. McHugh, K. McKenzie, J. W C McNabb, S. McWilliams, T. Meier, A. Melissinos, G. Mendell, R. A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, C. J. Messenger, D. Meyers, E. Mikhailov, S. Mitra, V. P. Mitrofanov, G. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, O. Miyakawa, S. Mohanty, G. Moreno, K. Mossavi, C. Mowlowry, A. Moylan, D. Mudge, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, H. Müller-Ebhardt, J. Munch, P. Murray, E. Myers, J. Myers, T. Nash, G. Newton, A. Nishizawa, K. Numata, B. O'Reilly, R. O'Shaughnessy, D. J. Ottaway, H. Overmier, B. J. Owen, Y. Pan, M. A. Papa, V. Parameshwaraiah, P. Patel, M. Pedraza, S. Penn, V. Pierro, I. M. Pinto, M. Pitkin, H. Pletsch, M. V. Plissi, F. Postiglione, R. Prix, V. Quetschke, F. Raab, D. Rabeling, H. Radkins, R. Rahkola, N. Rainer, M. Rakhmanov, M. Ramsunder, K. Rawlins, S. Ray-Majumder, V. Re, H. Rehbein, S. Reid, D. H. Reitze, L. Ribichini, R. Riesen, K. Riles, B. Rivera, N. A. Robertson, C. Robinson, E. L. Robinson, S. Roddy, A. Rodriguez, A. M. Rogan, J. Rollins, J. D. Romano, J. Romie, R. Route, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, L. Ruet, P. Russell, K. Ryan, S. Sakata, M. Samidi, L. Sancho De La Jordana, V. Sandberg, V. Sannibale, S. Saraf, P. Sarin, B. S. Sathyaprakash, S. Sato, Peter R Saulson, R. Savage, P. Savov, S. Schediwy, R. Schilling, R. Schnabel, R. Schofield, B. F. Schutz, P. Schwinberg, S. M. Scott, A. C. Searle, B. Sears, F. Seifert, D. Sellers, A. S. Sengupta, P. Shawhan, D. H. Shoemaker, A. Sibley, X. Siemens, D. Sigg, S. Sinha, A. M. Sintes, B. J J Slagmolen, J. Slutsky, J. R. Smith, M. R. Smith, K. Somiya, K. A. Strain, D. M. Strom, A. Stuver, T. Z. Summerscales, K. X. Sun, M. Sung, P. J. Sutton, H. Takahashi, D. B. Tanner, M. Tarallo, R. Taylor, R. Taylor, J. Thacker, K. A. Thorne, K. S. Thorne, A. Thüring, K. V. Tokmakov, C. Torres, C. Torrie, G. Traylor, M. Trias, W. Tyler, D. Ugolini, C. Ungarelli, K. Urbanek, H. Vahlbruch, M. Vallisneri, C. Van Den Broeck, M. Varvella, S. Vass, A. Vecchio, J. Veitch, P. Veitch, A. Villar, C. Vorvick, S. P. Vyachanin, S. J. Waldman, L. Wallace, H. Ward, R. Ward, K. Watts, D. Webber, A. Weidner, M. Weinert, A. Weinstein, R. Weiss, S. Wen, K. Wette, J. T. Whelan, D. M. Whitbeck, S. E. Whitcomb, B. F. Whiting, C. Wilkinson, P. A. Willems, L. Williams, B. Willke, I. Wilmut, W. Winkler, C. C. Wipf, S. Wise, A. G. Wiseman, G. Woan, D. Woods, R. Wooley, J. Worden, W. Wu, I. Yakushin, H. Yamamoto, Z. Yan, S. Yoshida, N. Yunes, M. Zanolin, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhao, N. Zotov, M. Zucker, H. Zur Mühlen, J. Zweizig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on an all-sky search with the LIGO detectors for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range 50-1000 Hz and with the frequency's time derivative in the range -1×10-8Hzs-1 to zero. Data from the fourth LIGO science run (S4) have been used in this search. Three different semicoherent methods of transforming and summing strain power from short Fourier transforms (SFTs) of the calibrated data have been used. The first, known as StackSlide, averages normalized power from each SFT. A "weighted Hough" scheme is also developed and used, which also allows for a multi-interferometer search. The third method, known as PowerFlux, is a variant of the StackSlide method in which the power is weighted before summing. In both the weighted Hough and PowerFlux methods, the weights are chosen according to the noise and detector antenna-pattern to maximize the signal-to-noise ratio. The respective advantages and disadvantages of these methods are discussed. Observing no evidence of periodic gravitational radiation, we report upper limits; we interpret these as limits on this radiation from isolated rotating neutron stars. The best population-based upper limit with 95% confidence on the gravitational-wave strain amplitude, found for simulated sources distributed isotropically across the sky and with isotropically distributed spin axes, is 4.28×10-24 (near 140 Hz). Strict upper limits are also obtained for small patches on the sky for best-case and worst-case inclinations of the spin axes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number022001
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2008

Fingerprint

LIGO (observatory)
Periodic Wave
Gravitational Waves
gravitational waves
sky
Fourier transform
Radiation
Detector
detectors
Neutron Stars
neutron stars
inclination
Inclination
confidence
signal to noise ratios
interferometers
antennas
Interferometer
frequency ranges
Range of data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Abbott, B., Abbott, R., Adhikari, R., Agresti, J., Ajith, P., Allen, B., ... Zweizig, J. (2008). All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data. Physical Review D, 77(2), [022001]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.77.022001

All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data. / Abbott, B.; Abbott, R.; Adhikari, R.; Agresti, J.; Ajith, P.; Allen, B.; Amin, R.; Anderson, S. B.; Anderson, W. G.; Arain, M.; Araya, M.; Armandula, H.; Ashley, M.; Aston, S.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Babak, S.; Ballmer, Stefan; Bantilan, H.; Barish, B. C.; Barker, C.; Barker, D.; Barr, B.; Barriga, P.; Barton, M. A.; Bayer, K.; Belczynski, K.; Betzwieser, J.; Beyersdorf, P. T.; Bhawal, B.; Bilenko, I. A.; Billingsley, G.; Biswas, R.; Black, E.; Blackburn, K.; Blackburn, L.; Blair, D.; Bland, B.; Bogenstahl, J.; Bogue, L.; Bork, R.; Boschi, V.; Bose, S.; Brady, P. R.; Braginsky, V. B.; Brau, J. E.; Brinkmann, M.; Brooks, A.; Brown, Duncan; Bullington, A.; Bunkowski, A.; Buonanno, A.; Burmeister, O.; Busby, D.; Byer, R. L.; Cadonati, L.; Cagnoli, G.; Camp, J. B.; Cannizzo, J.; Cannon, K.; Cantley, C. A.; Cao, J.; Cardenas, L.; Casey, M. M.; Castaldi, G.; Cepeda, C.; Chalkley, E.; Charlton, P.; Chatterji, S.; Chelkowski, S.; Chen, Y.; Chiadini, F.; Chin, D.; Chin, E.; Chow, J.; Christensen, N.; Clark, J.; Cochrane, P.; Cokelaer, T.; Colacino, C. N.; Coldwell, R.; Conte, R.; Cook, D.; Corbitt, T.; Coward, D.; Coyne, D.; Creighton, J. D E; Creighton, T. D.; Croce, R. P.; Crooks, D. R M; Cruise, A. M.; Cumming, A.; Dalrymple, J.; D'Ambrosio, E.; Danzmann, K.; Davies, G.; Debra, D.; Degallaix, J.; Degree, M.; Demma, T.; Dergachev, V.; Desai, S.; DeSalvo, R.; Dhurandhar, S.; Díaz, M.; Dickson, J.; Di Credico, A.; Diederichs, G.; Dietz, A.; Doomes, E. E.; Drever, R. W P; Dumas, J. C.; Dupuis, R. J.; Dwyer, J. G.; Ehrens, P.; Espinoza, E.; Etzel, T.; Evans, M.; Evans, T.; Fairhurst, S.; Fan, Y.; Fazi, D.; Fejer, M. M.; Finn, L. S.; Fiumara, V.; Fotopoulos, N.; Franzen, A.; Franzen, K. Y.; Freise, A.; Frey, R.; Fricke, T.; Fritschel, P.; Frolov, V. V.; Fyffe, M.; Galdi, V.; Garofoli, J.; Gholami, I.; Giaime, J. A.; Giampanis, S.; Giardina, K. D.; Goda, K.; Goetz, E.; Goggin, L. M.; González, G.; Gossler, S.; Grant, A.; Gras, S.; Gray, C.; Gray, M.; Greenhalgh, J.; Gretarsson, A. M.; Grosso, R.; Grote, H.; Grunewald, S.; Guenther, M.; Gustafson, R.; Hage, B.; Hammer, D.; Hanna, C.; Hanson, J.; Harms, J.; Harry, G.; Harstad, E.; Hayler, T.; Heefner, J.; Heng, I. S.; Heptonstall, A.; Heurs, M.; Hewitson, M.; Hild, S.; Hirose, E.; Hoak, D.; Hosken, D.; Hough, J.; Howell, E.; Hoyland, D.; Huttner, S. H.; Ingram, D.; Innerhofer, E.; Ito, M.; Itoh, Y.; Ivanov, A.; Jackrel, D.; Johnson, B.; Johnson, W. W.; Jones, D. I.; Jones, G.; Jones, R.; Ju, L.; Kalmus, P.; Kalogera, V.; Kasprzyk, D.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kawabe, K.; Kawamura, S.; Kawazoe, F.; Kells, W.; Keppel, D. G.; Khalili, F. Ya; Kim, C.; King, P.; Kissel, J. S.; Klimenko, S.; Kokeyama, K.; Kondrashov, V.; Kopparapu, R. K.; Kozak, D.; Krishnan, B.; Kwee, P.; Lam, P. K.; Landry, M.; Lantz, B.; Lazzarini, A.; Lee, B.; Lei, M.; Leiner, J.; Leonhardt, V.; Leonor, I.; Libbrecht, K.; Lindquist, P.; Lockerbie, N. A.; Longo, M.; Lormand, M.; Lubinski, M.; Lück, H.; Machenschalk, B.; MacInnis, M.; Mageswaran, M.; Mailand, K.; Malec, M.; Mandic, V.; Marano, S.; Márka, S.; Markowitz, J.; Maros, E.; Martin, I.; Marx, J. N.; Mason, K.; Matone, L.; Matta, V.; Mavalvala, N.; McCarthy, R.; McClelland, D. E.; McGuire, S. C.; McHugh, M.; McKenzie, K.; McNabb, J. W C; McWilliams, S.; Meier, T.; Melissinos, A.; Mendell, G.; Mercer, R. A.; Meshkov, S.; Messenger, C. J.; Meyers, D.; Mikhailov, E.; Mitra, S.; Mitrofanov, V. P.; Mitselmakher, G.; Mittleman, R.; Miyakawa, O.; Mohanty, S.; Moreno, G.; Mossavi, K.; Mowlowry, C.; Moylan, A.; Mudge, D.; Mueller, G.; Mukherjee, S.; Müller-Ebhardt, H.; Munch, J.; Murray, P.; Myers, E.; Myers, J.; Nash, T.; Newton, G.; Nishizawa, A.; Numata, K.; O'Reilly, B.; O'Shaughnessy, R.; Ottaway, D. J.; Overmier, H.; Owen, B. J.; Pan, Y.; Papa, M. A.; Parameshwaraiah, V.; Patel, P.; Pedraza, M.; Penn, S.; Pierro, V.; Pinto, I. M.; Pitkin, M.; Pletsch, H.; Plissi, M. V.; Postiglione, F.; Prix, R.; Quetschke, V.; Raab, F.; Rabeling, D.; Radkins, H.; Rahkola, R.; Rainer, N.; Rakhmanov, M.; Ramsunder, M.; Rawlins, K.; Ray-Majumder, S.; Re, V.; Rehbein, H.; Reid, S.; Reitze, D. H.; Ribichini, L.; Riesen, R.; Riles, K.; Rivera, B.; Robertson, N. A.; Robinson, C.; Robinson, E. L.; Roddy, S.; Rodriguez, A.; Rogan, A. M.; Rollins, J.; Romano, J. D.; Romie, J.; Route, R.; Rowan, S.; Rüdiger, A.; Ruet, L.; Russell, P.; Ryan, K.; Sakata, S.; Samidi, M.; Sancho De La Jordana, L.; Sandberg, V.; Sannibale, V.; Saraf, S.; Sarin, P.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Sato, S.; Saulson, Peter R; Savage, R.; Savov, P.; Schediwy, S.; Schilling, R.; Schnabel, R.; Schofield, R.; Schutz, B. F.; Schwinberg, P.; Scott, S. M.; Searle, A. C.; Sears, B.; Seifert, F.; Sellers, D.; Sengupta, A. S.; Shawhan, P.; Shoemaker, D. H.; Sibley, A.; Siemens, X.; Sigg, D.; Sinha, S.; Sintes, A. M.; Slagmolen, B. J J; Slutsky, J.; Smith, J. R.; Smith, M. R.; Somiya, K.; Strain, K. A.; Strom, D. M.; Stuver, A.; Summerscales, T. Z.; Sun, K. X.; Sung, M.; Sutton, P. J.; Takahashi, H.; Tanner, D. B.; Tarallo, M.; Taylor, R.; Taylor, R.; Thacker, J.; Thorne, K. A.; Thorne, K. S.; Thüring, A.; Tokmakov, K. V.; Torres, C.; Torrie, C.; Traylor, G.; Trias, M.; Tyler, W.; Ugolini, D.; Ungarelli, C.; Urbanek, K.; Vahlbruch, H.; Vallisneri, M.; Van Den Broeck, C.; Varvella, M.; Vass, S.; Vecchio, A.; Veitch, J.; Veitch, P.; Villar, A.; Vorvick, C.; Vyachanin, S. P.; Waldman, S. J.; Wallace, L.; Ward, H.; Ward, R.; Watts, K.; Webber, D.; Weidner, A.; Weinert, M.; Weinstein, A.; Weiss, R.; Wen, S.; Wette, K.; Whelan, J. T.; Whitbeck, D. M.; Whitcomb, S. E.; Whiting, B. F.; Wilkinson, C.; Willems, P. A.; Williams, L.; Willke, B.; Wilmut, I.; Winkler, W.; Wipf, C. C.; Wise, S.; Wiseman, A. G.; Woan, G.; Woods, D.; Wooley, R.; Worden, J.; Wu, W.; Yakushin, I.; Yamamoto, H.; Yan, Z.; Yoshida, S.; Yunes, N.; Zanolin, M.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, C.; Zotov, N.; Zucker, M.; Zur Mühlen, H.; Zweizig, J.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 77, No. 2, 022001, 10.01.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbott, B, Abbott, R, Adhikari, R, Agresti, J, Ajith, P, Allen, B, Amin, R, Anderson, SB, Anderson, WG, Arain, M, Araya, M, Armandula, H, Ashley, M, Aston, S, Aufmuth, P, Aulbert, C, Babak, S, Ballmer, S, Bantilan, H, Barish, BC, Barker, C, Barker, D, Barr, B, Barriga, P, Barton, MA, Bayer, K, Belczynski, K, Betzwieser, J, Beyersdorf, PT, Bhawal, B, Bilenko, IA, Billingsley, G, Biswas, R, Black, E, Blackburn, K, Blackburn, L, Blair, D, Bland, B, Bogenstahl, J, Bogue, L, Bork, R, Boschi, V, Bose, S, Brady, PR, Braginsky, VB, Brau, JE, Brinkmann, M, Brooks, A, Brown, D, Bullington, A, Bunkowski, A, Buonanno, A, Burmeister, O, Busby, D, Byer, RL, Cadonati, L, Cagnoli, G, Camp, JB, Cannizzo, J, Cannon, K, Cantley, CA, Cao, J, Cardenas, L, Casey, MM, Castaldi, G, Cepeda, C, Chalkley, E, Charlton, P, Chatterji, S, Chelkowski, S, Chen, Y, Chiadini, F, Chin, D, Chin, E, Chow, J, Christensen, N, Clark, J, Cochrane, P, Cokelaer, T, Colacino, CN, Coldwell, R, Conte, R, Cook, D, Corbitt, T, Coward, D, Coyne, D, Creighton, JDE, Creighton, TD, Croce, RP, Crooks, DRM, Cruise, AM, Cumming, A, Dalrymple, J, D'Ambrosio, E, Danzmann, K, Davies, G, Debra, D, Degallaix, J, Degree, M, Demma, T, Dergachev, V, Desai, S, DeSalvo, R, Dhurandhar, S, Díaz, M, Dickson, J, Di Credico, A, Diederichs, G, Dietz, A, Doomes, EE, Drever, RWP, Dumas, JC, Dupuis, RJ, Dwyer, JG, Ehrens, P, Espinoza, E, Etzel, T, Evans, M, Evans, T, Fairhurst, S, Fan, Y, Fazi, D, Fejer, MM, Finn, LS, Fiumara, V, Fotopoulos, N, Franzen, A, Franzen, KY, Freise, A, Frey, R, Fricke, T, Fritschel, P, Frolov, VV, Fyffe, M, Galdi, V, Garofoli, J, Gholami, I, Giaime, JA, Giampanis, S, Giardina, KD, Goda, K, Goetz, E, Goggin, LM, González, G, Gossler, S, Grant, A, Gras, S, Gray, C, Gray, M, Greenhalgh, J, Gretarsson, AM, Grosso, R, Grote, H, Grunewald, S, Guenther, M, Gustafson, R, Hage, B, Hammer, D, Hanna, C, Hanson, J, Harms, J, Harry, G, Harstad, E, Hayler, T, Heefner, J, Heng, IS, Heptonstall, A, Heurs, M, Hewitson, M, Hild, S, Hirose, E, Hoak, D, Hosken, D, Hough, J, Howell, E, Hoyland, D, Huttner, SH, Ingram, D, Innerhofer, E, Ito, M, Itoh, Y, Ivanov, A, Jackrel, D, Johnson, B, Johnson, WW, Jones, DI, Jones, G, Jones, R, Ju, L, Kalmus, P, Kalogera, V, Kasprzyk, D, Katsavounidis, E, Kawabe, K, Kawamura, S, Kawazoe, F, Kells, W, Keppel, DG, Khalili, FY, Kim, C, King, P, Kissel, JS, Klimenko, S, Kokeyama, K, Kondrashov, V, Kopparapu, RK, Kozak, D, Krishnan, B, Kwee, P, Lam, PK, Landry, M, Lantz, B, Lazzarini, A, Lee, B, Lei, M, Leiner, J, Leonhardt, V, Leonor, I, Libbrecht, K, Lindquist, P, Lockerbie, NA, Longo, M, Lormand, M, Lubinski, M, Lück, H, Machenschalk, B, MacInnis, M, Mageswaran, M, Mailand, K, Malec, M, Mandic, V, Marano, S, Márka, S, Markowitz, J, Maros, E, Martin, I, Marx, JN, Mason, K, Matone, L, Matta, V, Mavalvala, N, McCarthy, R, McClelland, DE, McGuire, SC, McHugh, M, McKenzie, K, McNabb, JWC, McWilliams, S, Meier, T, Melissinos, A, Mendell, G, Mercer, RA, Meshkov, S, Messenger, CJ, Meyers, D, Mikhailov, E, Mitra, S, Mitrofanov, VP, Mitselmakher, G, Mittleman, R, Miyakawa, O, Mohanty, S, Moreno, G, Mossavi, K, Mowlowry, C, Moylan, A, Mudge, D, Mueller, G, Mukherjee, S, Müller-Ebhardt, H, Munch, J, Murray, P, Myers, E, Myers, J, Nash, T, Newton, G, Nishizawa, A, Numata, K, O'Reilly, B, O'Shaughnessy, R, Ottaway, DJ, Overmier, H, Owen, BJ, Pan, Y, Papa, MA, Parameshwaraiah, V, Patel, P, Pedraza, M, Penn, S, Pierro, V, Pinto, IM, Pitkin, M, Pletsch, H, Plissi, MV, Postiglione, F, Prix, R, Quetschke, V, Raab, F, Rabeling, D, Radkins, H, Rahkola, R, Rainer, N, Rakhmanov, M, Ramsunder, M, Rawlins, K, Ray-Majumder, S, Re, V, Rehbein, H, Reid, S, Reitze, DH, Ribichini, L, Riesen, R, Riles, K, Rivera, B, Robertson, NA, Robinson, C, Robinson, EL, Roddy, S, Rodriguez, A, Rogan, AM, Rollins, J, Romano, JD, Romie, J, Route, R, Rowan, S, Rüdiger, A, Ruet, L, Russell, P, Ryan, K, Sakata, S, Samidi, M, Sancho De La Jordana, L, Sandberg, V, Sannibale, V, Saraf, S, Sarin, P, Sathyaprakash, BS, Sato, S, Saulson, PR, Savage, R, Savov, P, Schediwy, S, Schilling, R, Schnabel, R, Schofield, R, Schutz, BF, Schwinberg, P, Scott, SM, Searle, AC, Sears, B, Seifert, F, Sellers, D, Sengupta, AS, Shawhan, P, Shoemaker, DH, Sibley, A, Siemens, X, Sigg, D, Sinha, S, Sintes, AM, Slagmolen, BJJ, Slutsky, J, Smith, JR, Smith, MR, Somiya, K, Strain, KA, Strom, DM, Stuver, A, Summerscales, TZ, Sun, KX, Sung, M, Sutton, PJ, Takahashi, H, Tanner, DB, Tarallo, M, Taylor, R, Taylor, R, Thacker, J, Thorne, KA, Thorne, KS, Thüring, A, Tokmakov, KV, Torres, C, Torrie, C, Traylor, G, Trias, M, Tyler, W, Ugolini, D, Ungarelli, C, Urbanek, K, Vahlbruch, H, Vallisneri, M, Van Den Broeck, C, Varvella, M, Vass, S, Vecchio, A, Veitch, J, Veitch, P, Villar, A, Vorvick, C, Vyachanin, SP, Waldman, SJ, Wallace, L, Ward, H, Ward, R, Watts, K, Webber, D, Weidner, A, Weinert, M, Weinstein, A, Weiss, R, Wen, S, Wette, K, Whelan, JT, Whitbeck, DM, Whitcomb, SE, Whiting, BF, Wilkinson, C, Willems, PA, Williams, L, Willke, B, Wilmut, I, Winkler, W, Wipf, CC, Wise, S, Wiseman, AG, Woan, G, Woods, D, Wooley, R, Worden, J, Wu, W, Yakushin, I, Yamamoto, H, Yan, Z, Yoshida, S, Yunes, N, Zanolin, M, Zhang, J, Zhang, L, Zhao, C, Zotov, N, Zucker, M, Zur Mühlen, H & Zweizig, J 2008, 'All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data', Physical Review D, vol. 77, no. 2, 022001. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.77.022001
Abbott B, Abbott R, Adhikari R, Agresti J, Ajith P, Allen B et al. All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data. Physical Review D. 2008 Jan 10;77(2). 022001. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.77.022001
Abbott, B. ; Abbott, R. ; Adhikari, R. ; Agresti, J. ; Ajith, P. ; Allen, B. ; Amin, R. ; Anderson, S. B. ; Anderson, W. G. ; Arain, M. ; Araya, M. ; Armandula, H. ; Ashley, M. ; Aston, S. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Babak, S. ; Ballmer, Stefan ; Bantilan, H. ; Barish, B. C. ; Barker, C. ; Barker, D. ; Barr, B. ; Barriga, P. ; Barton, M. A. ; Bayer, K. ; Belczynski, K. ; Betzwieser, J. ; Beyersdorf, P. T. ; Bhawal, B. ; Bilenko, I. A. ; Billingsley, G. ; Biswas, R. ; Black, E. ; Blackburn, K. ; Blackburn, L. ; Blair, D. ; Bland, B. ; Bogenstahl, J. ; Bogue, L. ; Bork, R. ; Boschi, V. ; Bose, S. ; Brady, P. R. ; Braginsky, V. B. ; Brau, J. E. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Brooks, A. ; Brown, Duncan ; Bullington, A. ; Bunkowski, A. ; Buonanno, A. ; Burmeister, O. ; Busby, D. ; Byer, R. L. ; Cadonati, L. ; Cagnoli, G. ; Camp, J. B. ; Cannizzo, J. ; Cannon, K. ; Cantley, C. A. ; Cao, J. ; Cardenas, L. ; Casey, M. M. ; Castaldi, G. ; Cepeda, C. ; Chalkley, E. ; Charlton, P. ; Chatterji, S. ; Chelkowski, S. ; Chen, Y. ; Chiadini, F. ; Chin, D. ; Chin, E. ; Chow, J. ; Christensen, N. ; Clark, J. ; Cochrane, P. ; Cokelaer, T. ; Colacino, C. N. ; Coldwell, R. ; Conte, R. ; Cook, D. ; Corbitt, T. ; Coward, D. ; Coyne, D. ; Creighton, J. D E ; Creighton, T. D. ; Croce, R. P. ; Crooks, D. R M ; Cruise, A. M. ; Cumming, A. ; Dalrymple, J. ; D'Ambrosio, E. ; Danzmann, K. ; Davies, G. ; Debra, D. ; Degallaix, J. ; Degree, M. ; Demma, T. ; Dergachev, V. ; Desai, S. ; DeSalvo, R. ; Dhurandhar, S. ; Díaz, M. ; Dickson, J. ; Di Credico, A. ; Diederichs, G. ; Dietz, A. ; Doomes, E. E. ; Drever, R. W P ; Dumas, J. C. ; Dupuis, R. J. ; Dwyer, J. G. ; Ehrens, P. ; Espinoza, E. ; Etzel, T. ; Evans, M. ; Evans, T. ; Fairhurst, S. ; Fan, Y. ; Fazi, D. ; Fejer, M. M. ; Finn, L. S. ; Fiumara, V. ; Fotopoulos, N. ; Franzen, A. ; Franzen, K. Y. ; Freise, A. ; Frey, R. ; Fricke, T. ; Fritschel, P. ; Frolov, V. V. ; Fyffe, M. ; Galdi, V. ; Garofoli, J. ; Gholami, I. ; Giaime, J. A. ; Giampanis, S. ; Giardina, K. D. ; Goda, K. ; Goetz, E. ; Goggin, L. M. ; González, G. ; Gossler, S. ; Grant, A. ; Gras, S. ; Gray, C. ; Gray, M. ; Greenhalgh, J. ; Gretarsson, A. M. ; Grosso, R. ; Grote, H. ; Grunewald, S. ; Guenther, M. ; Gustafson, R. ; Hage, B. ; Hammer, D. ; Hanna, C. ; Hanson, J. ; Harms, J. ; Harry, G. ; Harstad, E. ; Hayler, T. ; Heefner, J. ; Heng, I. S. ; Heptonstall, A. ; Heurs, M. ; Hewitson, M. ; Hild, S. ; Hirose, E. ; Hoak, D. ; Hosken, D. ; Hough, J. ; Howell, E. ; Hoyland, D. ; Huttner, S. H. ; Ingram, D. ; Innerhofer, E. ; Ito, M. ; Itoh, Y. ; Ivanov, A. ; Jackrel, D. ; Johnson, B. ; Johnson, W. W. ; Jones, D. I. ; Jones, G. ; Jones, R. ; Ju, L. ; Kalmus, P. ; Kalogera, V. ; Kasprzyk, D. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Kawabe, K. ; Kawamura, S. ; Kawazoe, F. ; Kells, W. ; Keppel, D. G. ; Khalili, F. Ya ; Kim, C. ; King, P. ; Kissel, J. S. ; Klimenko, S. ; Kokeyama, K. ; Kondrashov, V. ; Kopparapu, R. K. ; Kozak, D. ; Krishnan, B. ; Kwee, P. ; Lam, P. K. ; Landry, M. ; Lantz, B. ; Lazzarini, A. ; Lee, B. ; Lei, M. ; Leiner, J. ; Leonhardt, V. ; Leonor, I. ; Libbrecht, K. ; Lindquist, P. ; Lockerbie, N. A. ; Longo, M. ; Lormand, M. ; Lubinski, M. ; Lück, H. ; Machenschalk, B. ; MacInnis, M. ; Mageswaran, M. ; Mailand, K. ; Malec, M. ; Mandic, V. ; Marano, S. ; Márka, S. ; Markowitz, J. ; Maros, E. ; Martin, I. ; Marx, J. N. ; Mason, K. ; Matone, L. ; Matta, V. ; Mavalvala, N. ; McCarthy, R. ; McClelland, D. E. ; McGuire, S. C. ; McHugh, M. ; McKenzie, K. ; McNabb, J. W C ; McWilliams, S. ; Meier, T. ; Melissinos, A. ; Mendell, G. ; Mercer, R. A. ; Meshkov, S. ; Messenger, C. J. ; Meyers, D. ; Mikhailov, E. ; Mitra, S. ; Mitrofanov, V. P. ; Mitselmakher, G. ; Mittleman, R. ; Miyakawa, O. ; Mohanty, S. ; Moreno, G. ; Mossavi, K. ; Mowlowry, C. ; Moylan, A. ; Mudge, D. ; Mueller, G. ; Mukherjee, S. ; Müller-Ebhardt, H. ; Munch, J. ; Murray, P. ; Myers, E. ; Myers, J. ; Nash, T. ; Newton, G. ; Nishizawa, A. ; Numata, K. ; O'Reilly, B. ; O'Shaughnessy, R. ; Ottaway, D. J. ; Overmier, H. ; Owen, B. J. ; Pan, Y. ; Papa, M. A. ; Parameshwaraiah, V. ; Patel, P. ; Pedraza, M. ; Penn, S. ; Pierro, V. ; Pinto, I. M. ; Pitkin, M. ; Pletsch, H. ; Plissi, M. V. ; Postiglione, F. ; Prix, R. ; Quetschke, V. ; Raab, F. ; Rabeling, D. ; Radkins, H. ; Rahkola, R. ; Rainer, N. ; Rakhmanov, M. ; Ramsunder, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Ray-Majumder, S. ; Re, V. ; Rehbein, H. ; Reid, S. ; Reitze, D. H. ; Ribichini, L. ; Riesen, R. ; Riles, K. ; Rivera, B. ; Robertson, N. A. ; Robinson, C. ; Robinson, E. L. ; Roddy, S. ; Rodriguez, A. ; Rogan, A. M. ; Rollins, J. ; Romano, J. D. ; Romie, J. ; Route, R. ; Rowan, S. ; Rüdiger, A. ; Ruet, L. ; Russell, P. ; Ryan, K. ; Sakata, S. ; Samidi, M. ; Sancho De La Jordana, L. ; Sandberg, V. ; Sannibale, V. ; Saraf, S. ; Sarin, P. ; Sathyaprakash, B. S. ; Sato, S. ; Saulson, Peter R ; Savage, R. ; Savov, P. ; Schediwy, S. ; Schilling, R. ; Schnabel, R. ; Schofield, R. ; Schutz, B. F. ; Schwinberg, P. ; Scott, S. M. ; Searle, A. C. ; Sears, B. ; Seifert, F. ; Sellers, D. ; Sengupta, A. S. ; Shawhan, P. ; Shoemaker, D. H. ; Sibley, A. ; Siemens, X. ; Sigg, D. ; Sinha, S. ; Sintes, A. M. ; Slagmolen, B. J J ; Slutsky, J. ; Smith, J. R. ; Smith, M. R. ; Somiya, K. ; Strain, K. A. ; Strom, D. M. ; Stuver, A. ; Summerscales, T. Z. ; Sun, K. X. ; Sung, M. ; Sutton, P. J. ; Takahashi, H. ; Tanner, D. B. ; Tarallo, M. ; Taylor, R. ; Taylor, R. ; Thacker, J. ; Thorne, K. A. ; Thorne, K. S. ; Thüring, A. ; Tokmakov, K. V. ; Torres, C. ; Torrie, C. ; Traylor, G. ; Trias, M. ; Tyler, W. ; Ugolini, D. ; Ungarelli, C. ; Urbanek, K. ; Vahlbruch, H. ; Vallisneri, M. ; Van Den Broeck, C. ; Varvella, M. ; Vass, S. ; Vecchio, A. ; Veitch, J. ; Veitch, P. ; Villar, A. ; Vorvick, C. ; Vyachanin, S. P. ; Waldman, S. J. ; Wallace, L. ; Ward, H. ; Ward, R. ; Watts, K. ; Webber, D. ; Weidner, A. ; Weinert, M. ; Weinstein, A. ; Weiss, R. ; Wen, S. ; Wette, K. ; Whelan, J. T. ; Whitbeck, D. M. ; Whitcomb, S. E. ; Whiting, B. F. ; Wilkinson, C. ; Willems, P. A. ; Williams, L. ; Willke, B. ; Wilmut, I. ; Winkler, W. ; Wipf, C. C. ; Wise, S. ; Wiseman, A. G. ; Woan, G. ; Woods, D. ; Wooley, R. ; Worden, J. ; Wu, W. ; Yakushin, I. ; Yamamoto, H. ; Yan, Z. ; Yoshida, S. ; Yunes, N. ; Zanolin, M. ; Zhang, J. ; Zhang, L. ; Zhao, C. ; Zotov, N. ; Zucker, M. ; Zur Mühlen, H. ; Zweizig, J. / All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data. In: Physical Review D. 2008 ; Vol. 77, No. 2.
@article{971899110d9e4f3caa5921db2537b32a,
title = "All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data",
abstract = "We report on an all-sky search with the LIGO detectors for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range 50-1000 Hz and with the frequency's time derivative in the range -1×10-8Hzs-1 to zero. Data from the fourth LIGO science run (S4) have been used in this search. Three different semicoherent methods of transforming and summing strain power from short Fourier transforms (SFTs) of the calibrated data have been used. The first, known as StackSlide, averages normalized power from each SFT. A {"}weighted Hough{"} scheme is also developed and used, which also allows for a multi-interferometer search. The third method, known as PowerFlux, is a variant of the StackSlide method in which the power is weighted before summing. In both the weighted Hough and PowerFlux methods, the weights are chosen according to the noise and detector antenna-pattern to maximize the signal-to-noise ratio. The respective advantages and disadvantages of these methods are discussed. Observing no evidence of periodic gravitational radiation, we report upper limits; we interpret these as limits on this radiation from isolated rotating neutron stars. The best population-based upper limit with 95{\%} confidence on the gravitational-wave strain amplitude, found for simulated sources distributed isotropically across the sky and with isotropically distributed spin axes, is 4.28×10-24 (near 140 Hz). Strict upper limits are also obtained for small patches on the sky for best-case and worst-case inclinations of the spin axes.",
author = "B. Abbott and R. Abbott and R. Adhikari and J. Agresti and P. Ajith and B. Allen and R. Amin and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and M. Arain and M. Araya and H. Armandula and M. Ashley and S. Aston and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and S. Babak and Stefan Ballmer and H. Bantilan and Barish, {B. C.} and C. Barker and D. Barker and B. Barr and P. Barriga and Barton, {M. A.} and K. Bayer and K. Belczynski and J. Betzwieser and Beyersdorf, {P. T.} and B. Bhawal and Bilenko, {I. A.} and G. Billingsley and R. Biswas and E. Black and K. Blackburn and L. Blackburn and D. Blair and B. Bland and J. Bogenstahl and L. Bogue and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and Brady, {P. R.} and Braginsky, {V. B.} and Brau, {J. E.} and M. Brinkmann and A. Brooks and Duncan Brown and A. Bullington and A. Bunkowski and A. Buonanno and O. Burmeister and D. Busby and Byer, {R. L.} and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and Camp, {J. B.} and J. Cannizzo and K. Cannon and Cantley, {C. A.} and J. Cao and L. Cardenas and Casey, {M. M.} and G. Castaldi and C. Cepeda and E. Chalkley and P. Charlton and S. Chatterji and S. Chelkowski and Y. Chen and F. Chiadini and D. Chin and E. Chin and J. Chow and N. Christensen and J. Clark and P. Cochrane and T. Cokelaer and Colacino, {C. N.} and R. Coldwell and R. Conte and D. Cook and T. Corbitt and D. Coward and D. Coyne and Creighton, {J. D E} and Creighton, {T. D.} and Croce, {R. P.} and Crooks, {D. R M} and Cruise, {A. M.} and A. Cumming and J. Dalrymple and E. D'Ambrosio and K. Danzmann and G. Davies and D. Debra and J. Degallaix and M. Degree and T. Demma and V. Dergachev and S. Desai and R. DeSalvo and S. Dhurandhar and M. D{\'i}az and J. Dickson and {Di Credico}, A. and G. Diederichs and A. Dietz and Doomes, {E. E.} and Drever, {R. W P} and Dumas, {J. C.} and Dupuis, {R. J.} and Dwyer, {J. G.} and P. Ehrens and E. Espinoza and T. Etzel and M. Evans and T. Evans and S. Fairhurst and Y. Fan and D. Fazi and Fejer, {M. M.} and Finn, {L. S.} and V. Fiumara and N. Fotopoulos and A. Franzen and Franzen, {K. Y.} and A. Freise and R. Frey and T. Fricke and P. Fritschel and Frolov, {V. V.} and M. Fyffe and V. Galdi and J. Garofoli and I. Gholami and Giaime, {J. A.} and S. Giampanis and Giardina, {K. D.} and K. Goda and E. Goetz and Goggin, {L. M.} and G. Gonz{\'a}lez and S. Gossler and A. Grant and S. Gras and C. Gray and M. Gray and J. Greenhalgh and Gretarsson, {A. M.} and R. Grosso and H. Grote and S. Grunewald and M. Guenther and R. Gustafson and B. Hage and D. Hammer and C. Hanna and J. Hanson and J. Harms and G. Harry and E. Harstad and T. Hayler and J. Heefner and Heng, {I. S.} and A. Heptonstall and M. Heurs and M. Hewitson and S. Hild and E. Hirose and D. Hoak and D. Hosken and J. Hough and E. Howell and D. Hoyland and Huttner, {S. H.} and D. Ingram and E. Innerhofer and M. Ito and Y. Itoh and A. Ivanov and D. Jackrel and B. Johnson and Johnson, {W. W.} and Jones, {D. I.} and G. Jones and R. Jones and L. Ju and P. Kalmus and V. Kalogera and D. Kasprzyk and E. Katsavounidis and K. Kawabe and S. Kawamura and F. Kawazoe and W. Kells and Keppel, {D. G.} and Khalili, {F. Ya} and C. Kim and P. King and Kissel, {J. S.} and S. Klimenko and K. Kokeyama and V. Kondrashov and Kopparapu, {R. K.} and D. Kozak and B. Krishnan and P. Kwee and Lam, {P. K.} and M. Landry and B. Lantz and A. Lazzarini and B. Lee and M. Lei and J. Leiner and V. Leonhardt and I. Leonor and K. Libbrecht and P. Lindquist and Lockerbie, {N. A.} and M. Longo and M. Lormand and M. Lubinski and H. L{\"u}ck and B. Machenschalk and M. MacInnis and M. Mageswaran and K. Mailand and M. Malec and V. Mandic and S. Marano and S. M{\'a}rka and J. Markowitz and E. Maros and I. Martin and Marx, {J. N.} and K. Mason and L. Matone and V. Matta and N. Mavalvala and R. McCarthy and McClelland, {D. E.} and McGuire, {S. C.} and M. McHugh and K. McKenzie and McNabb, {J. W C} and S. McWilliams and T. Meier and A. Melissinos and G. Mendell and Mercer, {R. A.} and S. Meshkov and Messenger, {C. J.} and D. Meyers and E. Mikhailov and S. Mitra and Mitrofanov, {V. P.} and G. Mitselmakher and R. Mittleman and O. Miyakawa and S. Mohanty and G. Moreno and K. Mossavi and C. Mowlowry and A. Moylan and D. Mudge and G. Mueller and S. Mukherjee and H. M{\"u}ller-Ebhardt and J. Munch and P. Murray and E. Myers and J. Myers and T. Nash and G. Newton and A. Nishizawa and K. Numata and B. O'Reilly and R. O'Shaughnessy and Ottaway, {D. J.} and H. Overmier and Owen, {B. J.} and Y. Pan and Papa, {M. A.} and V. Parameshwaraiah and P. Patel and M. Pedraza and S. Penn and V. Pierro and Pinto, {I. M.} and M. Pitkin and H. Pletsch and Plissi, {M. V.} and F. Postiglione and R. Prix and V. Quetschke and F. Raab and D. Rabeling and H. Radkins and R. Rahkola and N. Rainer and M. Rakhmanov and M. Ramsunder and K. Rawlins and S. Ray-Majumder and V. Re and H. Rehbein and S. Reid and Reitze, {D. H.} and L. Ribichini and R. Riesen and K. Riles and B. Rivera and Robertson, {N. A.} and C. Robinson and Robinson, {E. L.} and S. Roddy and A. Rodriguez and Rogan, {A. M.} and J. Rollins and Romano, {J. D.} and J. Romie and R. Route and S. Rowan and A. R{\"u}diger and L. Ruet and P. Russell and K. Ryan and S. Sakata and M. Samidi and {Sancho De La Jordana}, L. and V. Sandberg and V. Sannibale and S. Saraf and P. Sarin and Sathyaprakash, {B. S.} and S. Sato and Saulson, {Peter R} and R. Savage and P. Savov and S. Schediwy and R. Schilling and R. Schnabel and R. Schofield and Schutz, {B. F.} and P. Schwinberg and Scott, {S. M.} and Searle, {A. C.} and B. Sears and F. Seifert and D. Sellers and Sengupta, {A. S.} and P. Shawhan and Shoemaker, {D. H.} and A. Sibley and X. Siemens and D. Sigg and S. Sinha and Sintes, {A. M.} and Slagmolen, {B. J J} and J. Slutsky and Smith, {J. R.} and Smith, {M. R.} and K. Somiya and Strain, {K. A.} and Strom, {D. M.} and A. Stuver and Summerscales, {T. Z.} and Sun, {K. X.} and M. Sung and Sutton, {P. J.} and H. Takahashi and Tanner, {D. B.} and M. Tarallo and R. Taylor and R. Taylor and J. Thacker and Thorne, {K. A.} and Thorne, {K. S.} and A. Th{\"u}ring and Tokmakov, {K. V.} and C. Torres and C. Torrie and G. Traylor and M. Trias and W. Tyler and D. Ugolini and C. Ungarelli and K. Urbanek and H. Vahlbruch and M. Vallisneri and {Van Den Broeck}, C. and M. Varvella and S. Vass and A. Vecchio and J. Veitch and P. Veitch and A. Villar and C. Vorvick and Vyachanin, {S. P.} and Waldman, {S. J.} and L. Wallace and H. Ward and R. Ward and K. Watts and D. Webber and A. Weidner and M. Weinert and A. Weinstein and R. Weiss and S. Wen and K. Wette and Whelan, {J. T.} and Whitbeck, {D. M.} and Whitcomb, {S. E.} and Whiting, {B. F.} and C. Wilkinson and Willems, {P. A.} and L. Williams and B. Willke and I. Wilmut and W. Winkler and Wipf, {C. C.} and S. Wise and Wiseman, {A. G.} and G. Woan and D. Woods and R. Wooley and J. Worden and W. Wu and I. Yakushin and H. Yamamoto and Z. Yan and S. Yoshida and N. Yunes and M. Zanolin and J. Zhang and L. Zhang and C. Zhao and N. Zotov and M. Zucker and {Zur M{\"u}hlen}, H. and J. Zweizig",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevD.77.022001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "77",
journal = "Physical review D: Particles and fields",
issn = "1550-7998",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data

AU - Abbott, B.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Adhikari, R.

AU - Agresti, J.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Amin, R.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Arain, M.

AU - Araya, M.

AU - Armandula, H.

AU - Ashley, M.

AU - Aston, S.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aulbert, C.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Ballmer, Stefan

AU - Bantilan, H.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Barker, C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barriga, P.

AU - Barton, M. A.

AU - Bayer, K.

AU - Belczynski, K.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Beyersdorf, P. T.

AU - Bhawal, B.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Biswas, R.

AU - Black, E.

AU - Blackburn, K.

AU - Blackburn, L.

AU - Blair, D.

AU - Bland, B.

AU - Bogenstahl, J.

AU - Bogue, L.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Braginsky, V. B.

AU - Brau, J. E.

AU - Brinkmann, M.

AU - Brooks, A.

AU - Brown, Duncan

AU - Bullington, A.

AU - Bunkowski, A.

AU - Buonanno, A.

AU - Burmeister, O.

AU - Busby, D.

AU - Byer, R. L.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Cagnoli, G.

AU - Camp, J. B.

AU - Cannizzo, J.

AU - Cannon, K.

AU - Cantley, C. A.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Cardenas, L.

AU - Casey, M. M.

AU - Castaldi, G.

AU - Cepeda, C.

AU - Chalkley, E.

AU - Charlton, P.

AU - Chatterji, S.

AU - Chelkowski, S.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Chiadini, F.

AU - Chin, D.

AU - Chin, E.

AU - Chow, J.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Clark, J.

AU - Cochrane, P.

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PY - 2008/1/10

Y1 - 2008/1/10

N2 - We report on an all-sky search with the LIGO detectors for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range 50-1000 Hz and with the frequency's time derivative in the range -1×10-8Hzs-1 to zero. Data from the fourth LIGO science run (S4) have been used in this search. Three different semicoherent methods of transforming and summing strain power from short Fourier transforms (SFTs) of the calibrated data have been used. The first, known as StackSlide, averages normalized power from each SFT. A "weighted Hough" scheme is also developed and used, which also allows for a multi-interferometer search. The third method, known as PowerFlux, is a variant of the StackSlide method in which the power is weighted before summing. In both the weighted Hough and PowerFlux methods, the weights are chosen according to the noise and detector antenna-pattern to maximize the signal-to-noise ratio. The respective advantages and disadvantages of these methods are discussed. Observing no evidence of periodic gravitational radiation, we report upper limits; we interpret these as limits on this radiation from isolated rotating neutron stars. The best population-based upper limit with 95% confidence on the gravitational-wave strain amplitude, found for simulated sources distributed isotropically across the sky and with isotropically distributed spin axes, is 4.28×10-24 (near 140 Hz). Strict upper limits are also obtained for small patches on the sky for best-case and worst-case inclinations of the spin axes.

AB - We report on an all-sky search with the LIGO detectors for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range 50-1000 Hz and with the frequency's time derivative in the range -1×10-8Hzs-1 to zero. Data from the fourth LIGO science run (S4) have been used in this search. Three different semicoherent methods of transforming and summing strain power from short Fourier transforms (SFTs) of the calibrated data have been used. The first, known as StackSlide, averages normalized power from each SFT. A "weighted Hough" scheme is also developed and used, which also allows for a multi-interferometer search. The third method, known as PowerFlux, is a variant of the StackSlide method in which the power is weighted before summing. In both the weighted Hough and PowerFlux methods, the weights are chosen according to the noise and detector antenna-pattern to maximize the signal-to-noise ratio. The respective advantages and disadvantages of these methods are discussed. Observing no evidence of periodic gravitational radiation, we report upper limits; we interpret these as limits on this radiation from isolated rotating neutron stars. The best population-based upper limit with 95% confidence on the gravitational-wave strain amplitude, found for simulated sources distributed isotropically across the sky and with isotropically distributed spin axes, is 4.28×10-24 (near 140 Hz). Strict upper limits are also obtained for small patches on the sky for best-case and worst-case inclinations of the spin axes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38049115019&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38049115019&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.022001

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.022001

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:38049115019

VL - 77

JO - Physical review D: Particles and fields

JF - Physical review D: Particles and fields

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 2

M1 - 022001

ER -