This work is related to the removal of tritiated water and radioactive iodine from off-gases released during spent nuclear fuel reprocessing. Specifically, it is focused on the adsorption equilibrium of water on reduced silver mordenite (Ag0Z), which is the state-of-art solid adsorbent for iodine retention in the off-gas treatment. As the off-gases contain different gas species, including iodine and water, Ag0Z would take up iodine and water simultaneously during the adsorption process. Therefore, understanding the adsorption of water on Ag0Z is important and necessary for studying the performance of Ag0Z in off-gas treatment processes. The isotherms of water (nonradioactive water) on Ag0Z were obtained at temperatures of 25, 40, 60, 100, 150, and 200 °C with a continuous-flow adsorption system. The data were analyzed using the Heterogeneous Langmuir and generalized statistical thermodynamic adsorption (GSTA) models, and thermodynamic parameters of the isotherms were obtained from both models. Both models were found capable of describing the isotherms. Isotherms of water on the unreduced silver mordenite (AgZ) were also obtained at 25, 40, and 60 °C and parametrized by the GSTA model. Through the comparison of the isotherms of Ag0Z and AgZ, it was found that Ag0Z had a higher water adsorption capacity than AgZ. The comparison of their thermodynamic parameters suggested that the interaction of water molecules with the H+ in Ag0Z was stronger than that with the Ag+ in AgZ.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering