Adolescent Adjustment and Coping Strategies

Randall S. Jorgensen, Jerome B. Dusek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study examines the relation between psychosocial adjustment and coping strategies among college freshmen. Three hundred thirty‐one college students completed the Inventory of Psychosocial Development (IPD; Constantinople, 1969) and the Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences (ACOPE; Patterson & McCubbin, 1987) inventory. Factor analysis of the ACOPE scales revealed two factors interpreted to represent the coping strategies of “salutary effort” and “stress palliation.” For each subject a relative salutary effort score was calculated to reflect the proportion of coping efforts ascribable to mature, salutary coping efforts. Optimal adjustment was associated with adolescents whose reported means of dealing with tension reflected a high proportion of salutary effort. These findings, which support the notion of a covariation between styles of coping and psychological adjustment among adolescents, are discussed in light of psychosocial development, coping, and methodological issues related to research on coping and adjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-513
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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