Acute Effects of Intoxication and Arousal on Approach/Avoidance Biases Toward Sexual Risk Stimuli in Heterosexual Men

Jeffrey S. Simons, Stephen A. Maisto, Tyler B. Wray, Noah N. Emery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested the effects of alcohol intoxication and physiological arousal on cognitive biases toward erotic stimuli and condoms. Ninety-seven heterosexual men were randomized to 1 of 6 independent conditions in a 2 (high arousal or control) × 3 (alcohol target BAC = 0.08, placebo, or juice control) design and then completed a variant of the Approach–Avoidance Task (AAT). The AAT assessed reaction times toward approaching and avoiding erotic stimuli and condoms with a joystick. Consistent with hypotheses, the alcohol condition exhibited an approach bias toward erotic stimuli, whereas the control and placebo groups exhibited an approach bias toward condom stimuli. Similarly, the participants in the high arousal condition exhibited an approach bias toward erotic stimuli and the low arousal control condition exhibited an approach bias toward condoms. The results suggest that acute changes in intoxication and physiological arousal independently foster biased responding toward sexual stimuli and these biases are associated with sexual risk intentions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-51
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Alcohol administration
  • Implicit associations
  • Risky sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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