Acidic deposition: Sources and ecological effects

Charles T Driscoll, Kathy Fallon Lambert, Limin Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acidic atmospheric deposition, popularly referred to as acid rain, is the transfer of strong acids and acid forming substances from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface. Acidic deposition is comprised of sulfuric and nitric acids, and ammonium derived from atmospheric emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and ammonia respectively. These compounds are emitted by the burning of fossil fuels and by agricultural activities. Once such compounds enter an ecosystem, they can acidify soil and surface waters and bring about a series of ecological changes. The term acidic deposition encompasses all forms in which these compounds are deposited to the Earth, including gases, particles, rain, snow, clouds, and fog (see Box 3.1). Acidic deposition was first reported in the United Kingdom in the later half of the 19th Century (Gorham 1992). Ecological effects were first documented in Scandinavia in the 1960s with the link between acidic deposition, surface water acidification and loss of fisheries (Gorham 1992). Atmospheric deposition of sulfate, nitrate and ammonium are elevated in eastern North America, Europe and large portions of Asia (Rodhe et al. 1995).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAcid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects
PublisherSpringer US
Pages27-58
Number of pages32
ISBN (Print)0387375619, 9780387375618
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Fingerprint

atmospheric deposition
ammonium
surface water
acid
acid rain
fog
nitrogen oxides
nitric acid
sulfur dioxide
sulfuric acid
fossil fuel
acidification
ammonia
snow
soil water
fishery
sulfate
nitrate
effect
atmosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Driscoll, C. T., Lambert, K. F., & Chen, L. (2007). Acidic deposition: Sources and ecological effects. In Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects (pp. 27-58). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-37562-5_3

Acidic deposition : Sources and ecological effects. / Driscoll, Charles T; Lambert, Kathy Fallon; Chen, Limin.

Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects. Springer US, 2007. p. 27-58.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Driscoll, CT, Lambert, KF & Chen, L 2007, Acidic deposition: Sources and ecological effects. in Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects. Springer US, pp. 27-58. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-37562-5_3
Driscoll CT, Lambert KF, Chen L. Acidic deposition: Sources and ecological effects. In Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects. Springer US. 2007. p. 27-58 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-37562-5_3
Driscoll, Charles T ; Lambert, Kathy Fallon ; Chen, Limin. / Acidic deposition : Sources and ecological effects. Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects. Springer US, 2007. pp. 27-58
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