About an axisymmetric mode and a helical mode in the stable state of a model combustor

Jacques Lewalle, Mohd Y. Ali, Isaac G. Boxx, Klaus Peter Geigle, Campbell D. Carter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemConference contribution


3-component particle image velocitmetry data from a model swirl combustor are analyzed. Our previous work focused on the spontaneous transition from the stable state to the thermoacoustically excited state. Time-frequency (bandpass filterering) methods revealed a sequence of quasi-periodic modes, intermittent in time and in space. In this paper, we focus on the coexistence and interactions between two modes in the stable regime. The simplest is the axisymmetric mode, with vortex rings as the organizing flow structure. More complicated is the precessing mode, which combines a pair of counter-rotating helical vortices and a precessing recirculating vortex core. Using dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) yields different frequencies for the dominant modes. We reconcile the two methods by noting that DMD yields the fastest growing modes, whereas Fourier-related methods yield energy-dominant modes. We show that, on average, the growth of the helical or the axisymmetric mode precedes its peak energy by one to four periods. We also show that the mode amplitudes are correlated with varying signs across the burner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105241
StatePublished - 2018
EventAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018 - Kissimmee, United States
Duration: Jan 8 2018Jan 12 2018

Publication series

NameAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018


OtherAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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