A study of the radiation tolerance of poly-crystalline and single-crystalline CVD diamond to 800 MeV and 24 GeV protons

RD42 Collaboration

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1 Scopus citations


We have measured the radiation tolerance of poly-crystalline and single-crystalline diamonds grown by the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process by measuring the charge collected before and after irradiation in a 50 μm pitch strip detector fabricated on each diamond sample. We irradiated one group of sensors with 800 MeV protons, and a second group of sensors with 24 GeV protons, in steps, to (1.34 ± 0.08 × 1016) protons cm-2 and (1.80 ± 0.18 × 1016) protons cm-2 respectively. We observe the sum of mean drift paths for electrons and holes for both poly-crystalline CVD diamond and single-crystalline CVD diamond decreases with irradiation fluence from its initial value according to a simple damage curve characterized by a damage constant for each irradiation energy and the irradiation fluence. We find for each irradiation energy the damage constant, for poly-crystalline CVD diamond to be the same within statistical errors as the damage constant for single-crystalline CVD diamond. We find the damage constant for diamond irradiated with 24 GeV protons to be 0.62+0.01 -0.01 (stat)+0.06 -0.06 (syst) × 10-18 cm2(p μm)-1 and the damage constant for diamond irradiated with 800 MeV protons to be 1.04+0.02 -0.02 (stat)+0.04 -0.05 (syst) × 10-18 cm2 (p μm)-1. Moreover, we observe the FWHM/MP pulse height decreases with fluence for poly-crystalline CVD material and within statistical errors does not change with fluence for single-crystalline CVD material for both 24 GeV proton irradiation and 800 MeV proton irradiation. Finally, we have measured the uniformity of each sample as a function of fluence and observed that for poly-crystalline CVD diamond the samples become more uniform with fluence while for single-crystalline CVD diamond the uniformity does not change with fluence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number465103
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number46
StatePublished - Aug 30 2019



  • charge collection distance
  • chemical vapor deposition
  • mean drift path
  • polycrystalline diamond
  • radiation damage constant
  • radiation tolerance
  • single crystal diamond

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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