A structurational perspective on leadership in virtual teams

Robert Heckman, Kevin Crowston, Nora Misiolek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Building on behavioural leadership theory and structuration theory, we present a two-order theory of leadership. It describes four classes of first-order leadership behaviours (task coordination, substantive task contribution, group maintenance and boundary spanning) and defines second-order leadership as behaviour that influences changes in the structure that guides group action. We argue that second-order leadership is enabled by first-order leadership and is therefore action embedded and grounded in processes that define the social identity of the group. We propose that effective virtual teams will exhibit a paradoxical combination of shared, distributed first-order leadership complemented by strong, concentrated, and centralized second-order leadership. We conclude by suggesting future research that might be conducted to test and further elaborate our theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationVirtuality and Virtualization
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Federation of Information Processing Working Groups 8.2 on Information Systems and Organizations and 9.5 on Virtuality and Society
EditorsKevin Crowston, Sandra Sieber, Eleanor Wynn
Pages151-168
Number of pages18
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2007

Publication series

NameIFIP International Federation for Information Processing
Volume236
ISSN (Print)1571-5736

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems and Management

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    Heckman, R., Crowston, K., & Misiolek, N. (2007). A structurational perspective on leadership in virtual teams. In K. Crowston, S. Sieber, & E. Wynn (Eds.), Virtuality and Virtualization: Proceedings of the International Federation of Information Processing Working Groups 8.2 on Information Systems and Organizations and 9.5 on Virtuality and Society (pp. 151-168). (IFIP International Federation for Information Processing; Vol. 236). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73025-7_12