A practical correction of scatter-related artifacts in SPECT reconstruction

Ye Hongwei, Andrzej Krol, Edward D. Lipson, Vikram R. Kunniyur, Lee Wei, David H. Feiglin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemConference contribution


We have observed that an expectation maximization (EM) algorithm applied to SPECT reconstruction may produce hotspot artifacts of varying intensity. Our hypothesis was that scatter caused these artifacts. To test this assumption, we studied the performance of forward- and back-projection procedures in the EM algorithm for simulated and experimental SPECT data. First, synthetic scatter-free projections and projections with only one scattered photon in each view were created for a simulated simple object, and reconstructed with a fully 3D ordered-subsets EM (OSEM) algorithm. Then, Monte Carlo simulated brain SPECT (with no scatter and with scatter present), a mini-Defrise phantom, and patient SPECT were reconstructed. We confirmed our hypothesis: hot-spot artifacts appeared only in the reconstruction from noisy projections but not in the reconstruction from scatter-free projections. We investigated a practical and simple method, critical path-length control (CPLC), for suppression of the hot-spot artifacts. To this end we performed reconstructions with or without CPLC and quantitatively evaluated the results including estimation of accuracy, bias, contrast-to-noise ratio, and uniformity. We found that the OSEM-with-CPLC method significantly reduced hot-spot artifacts, and yielded a similar or improved image quality. We conclude that the CPLC method provides a useful yet simple tool to reduce scatter-related hot-spot artifacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2007
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditionPART 3
StatePublished - 2007
EventMedical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 18 2007Feb 22 2007

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
NumberPART 3
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherMedical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • OSEM algorithm scatter correction
  • SPECT reconstruction
  • Scatter-related hot-spot artifacts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Biomaterials


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