A nested game-based optimization framework for electricity retailers in the smart grid with residential users and PEVs

Yang Li, Yanzhi Wang, Shahin Nazarian, Massoud Pedram

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the smart grid, real-time pricing policy is an important mechanism for incentivizing the consumers to dynamically change or shift their electricity consumption, thereby improving the reliability of the grid. Retailers are incorporated to the smart grid with distributed control mechanism in order to reduce the amount of communication overhead associated with the direction interaction between utility companies and consumers. The retailer procures electricity from both traditional and renewable energy sources, and sells it to its consumers. The consumers include residential users that can only consume power, and plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) that can either consume power or supply power stored in its battery to the grid. In this work, a novel four-stage nested game model is proposed to model the interaction of the electricity retailer, utility companies, and consumers. The objective of the retailer is to maximize its overall profit as well as perform frequency regulation, whereas the goal of each consumer is to maximize a predefined utility function. In the game theoretic framework, the retailer should decide the amounts of electricity purchased from the renewable and traditional energy sources, respectively, as well as the real-time pricing scheme for its consumers. The consumers will react to the pricing mechanism and maximize their utility functions by adjusting the electricity demand. The optimal solution of the nested game is provided through: (i) finding the subgame perfect equilibrium (SPE) of all the consumers, and (ii) optimizing the retailer's action using the backward induction method. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed game theoretic modeling and optimization framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications, OnlineGreenComm 2013
Pages157-162
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
Event2013 IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications, OnlineGreenComm 2013 - Piscataway, NJ, United States
Duration: Oct 29 2013Oct 31 2013

Publication series

Name2013 IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications, OnlineGreenComm 2013

Other

Other2013 IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications, OnlineGreenComm 2013
CountryUnited States
CityPiscataway, NJ
Period10/29/1310/31/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A nested game-based optimization framework for electricity retailers in the smart grid with residential users and PEVs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this