A hybrid coupler for directing quantum light emission with high radiative Purcell enhancement to a dielectric metasurface lens

Frank Yang, Pankaj Kumar Jha, Hamidreza Akbari, Haley C. Bauser, Harry A. Atwater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantum photonic technologies such as quantum sensing, metrology, and simulation could be transformatively enabled by the availability of integrated single photon sources with high radiative rates and photon collection efficiencies. We address these challenges for quantum emitters formed from color center defect sites such as those in hexagonal boron nitride, which are promising candidates as single photon sources due to their bright, stable, polarized, and room temperature emission. We report design of a nanophotonic coupler from color center quantum emitters to a dielectric metasurface lens. The coupler is comprised of a hybrid plasmonic-dielectric resonator that achieves a large radiative Purcell enhancement and partial control of far-field radiation. We report radiative Purcell factors up to 285 and photon collection efficiencies up to 89% for a lossless metasurface, applying a continuous hyperboloidal phase-front. Our hybrid plasmonic-dielectric coupler interfacing two nanophotonic elements is a compound optical element, analogous to those found in microscope objective lenses, which combine multiple optical functions into a single component for improved performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberv
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume130
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 28 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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