A guideline to document occupant behavior models for advanced building controls

Bing Dong, Romana Markovic, Salvatore Carlucci, Yapan Liu, Andreas Wagner, Antonio Liguori, Christoph van Treeck, Dmitry Oleynikov, Elie Azar, Gianmarco Fajilla, Ján Drgoňa, Joyce Kim, Marika Vellei, Marilena De Simone, Masood Shamsaiee, Mateus Bavaresco, Matteo Favero, Mikkel Kjaergaard, Mohamed Osman, Moritz FrahmSanam Dabirian, Da Yan, Xuyuan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The availability of computational power, and a wealth of data from sensors have boosted the development of model-based predictive control for smart and effective control of advanced buildings in the last decade. More recently occupant-behavior models have been developed for including people in the building control loops. However, while important objectives of scientific research are reproducibility and replicability of results, not all information is available from published documents. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to propose a guideline for a thorough and standardized occupant-behavior model documentation. For that purpose, the literature screening for the existing occupant behavior models in building control was conducted, and the occupant behavior modeling processes were studied to extract practices and gaps for each of the following phases: problem statement, data collection, and preprocessing, model development, model evaluation, and model implementation. The literature screening pointed out that the current state-of-the-art on model documentation shows little unification, which poses a particular burden for the model application and replication in field studies. In addition to the standardized model documentation, this work presented a model-evaluation schema that enabled benchmarking of different models in field settings as well as the recommendations on how OB models are integrated with the building system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109195
JournalBuilding and Environment
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022


  • Building control
  • Guideline documentation
  • Model Predictive control (MPC)
  • Occupant behavior model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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