A four component skeletal model for the analysis of jet fuel surrogate combustion

Ben Akih-Kumgeh, Jeffrey M. Bergthorson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


A skeletal chemical kinetic model for jet fuel combustion, comprising four representative fuel components, is presented. The sub model for the three components, toluene, methyl cyclohexane (MCH) and n-dodecane, is deduced from a detailed model for jet fuel surrogate proposed by Wang et al. [Wang et al., 2010]. The reduction is based on a species sensitivity approach, herein referred to as Alternate Species Elimination (ASE). The sub model for the fourth component, iso-octane, is established through semi-detailed kinetic modeling, considering existing reactions and species of the smaller hydrocarbon systems as well as species and reactions pertinent to the n-dodecane system. The performance of the resulting model is assessed by comparing predictions of ignition delay times and laminar burning velocities with those of the detailed model. It is shown that the skeletal model retains the predictive ability of the detailed model with respect to the three components, n-dodecane, MCH and toluene. The complementary iso-octane sub model is also found to reasonably predict high-temperature ignition delay times and laminar burning velocities. The four component skeletal model is tested against shock tube ignition data and laminar burning velocities of jet fuel surrogates. It is observed that high-temperature ignition is fairly well predicted while low-temperature ignition delay times are longer than experimentally observed. While the predictions of laminar burning velocities of atmospheric flames of jet fuels at 400 K are reasonable, slower flames are predicted at higher temperatures. The proposed skeletal model has 192 species and 1291 reactions, compared to the detailed multi-component model, with 348 species and 2163 elementary reactions, albeit without isooctane. This results in improvement in the associated computational costs for combustion analysis. Further development of the skeletal model is needed to improve its prediction ability over a wider range of combustion properties and thermodynamic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME Turbo Expo 2013
Subtitle of host publicationTurbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2013
StatePublished - 2013
EventASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2013 - San Antonio, Tx, United States
Duration: Jun 3 2013Jun 7 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume1 A


OtherASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Antonio, Tx

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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