A first-principles based LPV modeling and design for performance management of internet web servers

Wubi Qin, Qian Wang, Yiyu Chen, Natarajan Gautam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


This paper presents a control-theoretic approach to performance management of Internet Web servers to meet Service Level Agreements (SLA). In particular, a CPU frequency management problem is studied to provide response time guarantees with minimal energy cost. A linear uncertain model and a Linear-Parameter- Varying (LPV) system are derived based on first-principles analysis of transient and steady-state queueing dynamics from the allocated CPU resource to request response time. The LPV modeling utilizes the workload arrival and service parameters as scheduling variables, which allows the Web server to meet the response time SLA in the presence of dynamically changing load conditions. Using real Web server workloads, the performance of an LPV- H controller is compared to that of a linear controller designed at the high-percentile load parameters and a G/G/1-queueing based nonlinear optimization. The proposed LPV modeling and control framework can be generalized to incorporate more sophisticated workload models and more complicated server environments. In addition, due to the LPV nature of Web systems with respect to load conditions, the proposed approach can be applied to a variety of resource management problems and used for middleware design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2006 American Control Conference
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes
Event2006 American Control Conference - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Jun 14 2006Jun 16 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619


Other2006 American Control Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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