A decade analysis of transitioning residential LEED communities in the United States

Tarek Rakha, Dongmin Shin, Todd W. Moss

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Third-party verification and certification processes for low energy built environments have played a critical role in influencing transitioning communities to reduce their emissions footprint in both residential and commercial buildings. One prominent example is the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification program, which was conceived by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC). Its residential platform, LEED for Homes, started as a pilot in 2004 and was fully implemented in 2008. This paper attempts to answer the question: what are the characteristics of growing communities for United States LEED residential buildings? The paper examines residential LEED market adoption trends in the United States by analysing a decade-worth of data from 2004 to 2015 (71438 certified units). The study implemented data visualization techniques and statistical analyses to explore predictors of residential LEED community adoption trends. The investigation concluded that market share was associated with educational attainment and number of applied policies, but was not associated with median household income or political orientation (democrat vs. republican). The findings suggest further research is warranted, specifically as related to local practice support from LEED Accredited Professionals as mechanisms of growing transitioning low carbon communities, as well as local level green market incentivization policies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of 33rd PLEA International Conference
Subtitle of host publicationDesign to Thrive, PLEA 2017
EditorsLuisa Brotas, Sue Roaf, Fergus Nicol
PublisherNCEUB 2017 - Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings
Pages4827-4834
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780992895754
StatePublished - 2017
Event33rd International on Passive and Low Energy Architecture Conference: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017 - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 2 2017Jul 5 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of 33rd PLEA International Conference: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017
Volume3

Conference

Conference33rd International on Passive and Low Energy Architecture Conference: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period7/2/177/5/17

Keywords

  • Certification
  • LEED for homes
  • Low carbon communities
  • Market adoption
  • Policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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  • Cite this

    Rakha, T., Shin, D., & Moss, T. W. (2017). A decade analysis of transitioning residential LEED communities in the United States. In L. Brotas, S. Roaf, & F. Nicol (Eds.), Proceedings of 33rd PLEA International Conference: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017 (pp. 4827-4834). (Proceedings of 33rd PLEA International Conference: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017; Vol. 3). NCEUB 2017 - Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings.