A data-driven approach for improving sustainability assessment in advanced manufacturing

Yunpeng Li, Heng Zhang, Utpal Roy, Y. Tina Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemConference contribution

16 Scopus citations


Sustainability assessment (SA) has been one of the prime contributors to advanced manufacturing analysis, and it traditionally involves life cycle assessment (LCA) techniques for retrospective and prospective evaluations. One big challenge to reach a reliable sustainability assessment comes from the inadequate understandings of the underlying activities related to each of the product lifecycle stages based on expert knowledge. Data-driven modeling, on the other hand, is an emerging approach that takes advantage of machine-learning methods in building models that would complement or replace the knowledge-based models capturing physical behaviors. Incorporating suitable data analytics models to utilize real-time product and process data could significantly improve LCA techniques. To address the complexity and uncertainty involved in multilevel SA decision-making activities, this paper proposes a modular LCA framework to accommodate a hybrid modeling paradigm that includes knowledge-based and data-driven models. We identify and emphasize on two important challenges: (1) Generalizing knowledge-based and data-driven models into analytics models so that they can be uniformly deployed and interchanged, and (2) Modularizing the LCA decision logics and model structures so that the LCA decision process can be streamlined and easily maintained. The issues related to the decomposition, standardization, deployment and execution of analytics models are discussed in this paper. Three well-adopted standards - STEP (Standard for the Exchange of Product model data), DMN (Decision Model and Notation), and PMML (Predictive Model Markup Language) are employed to capture the product-related data/information, the decision logic decomposition of analytics models, and the structure decomposition of analytics models, respectively. The feasibility and benefits of the proposed modular, hybrid sustainability assessment methodology have been illustrated with an injection molding case study, incorporating an overall modular Scorecard-based LCA architecture with a Bayesian Network predictive model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2017
EditorsJian-Yun Nie, Zoran Obradovic, Toyotaro Suzumura, Rumi Ghosh, Raghunath Nambiar, Chonggang Wang, Hui Zang, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Xiaohua Hu, Jeremy Kepner, Alfredo Cuzzocrea, Jian Tang, Masashi Toyoda
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781538627143
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017
Event5th IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2017 - Boston, United States
Duration: Dec 11 2017Dec 14 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2017


Other5th IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Bayesian Network
  • DMN
  • Data-driven modeling
  • PMML
  • Sustainability assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Control and Optimization


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