Cue exposure treatments of alcohol and substance abuse disorders are based on a classical conditioning model of drug use and relapse. Recently, social learning theory has been utilized to explain the relationship of cognitive constructs (i.e., self-efficacy, outcome expectations) to measures of cue reactivity. However, social learning theory has not provided clear and testable mechanisms by which cognitions influence behavior. This paper proposes a mechanism, based on principles of classical conditioning, whereby cognitions may influence reactivity to alcohol and drug cues. This view of cognitions within a conditioning framework has several important implications for cue exposure research and treatment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry|
|State||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Clinical Psychology