A comparison of low-cost collector configurations for quantifying ice accretion

John L. Campbell, Lindsey E. Rustad, Sarah Garlick, Noah Newman, John S. Stanovick, Ian Halm, Charles T. Driscoll, Brian L. Barjenbruch, Elizabeth Burakowski, Steven D. Hilberg, Kristopher J. Sanders, Jason C. Shafer, Nolan J. Doesken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ice storms are important winter weather events that can have substantial environmental, economic, and social impacts. Mapping and assessment of damage after these events could be improved by making ice accretion measurements at a greater number of sites than is currently available. There is a need for low-cost collectors that can be distributed broadly in volunteer observation networks; however, use of low-cost collectors necessitates understanding of how collector characteristics and configurations influence measurements of ice accretion. A study was conducted at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in New Hampshire that involved spraying water over passive ice collectors during freezing conditions to simulate ice storms of different intensity. The collectors consisted of plates composed of four different materials and installed horizontally; two different types of wires strung horizontally; and rods of three different materials, with three different diameters, and installed at three different inclinations. Results showed that planar ice thickness on plates was 2.5–3 times as great as the radial ice thickness on rods or wires, which is consistent with expectations based on theory and empirical evidence from previous studies. Rods mounted on an angle rather than horizontally reduced the formation of icicles and enabled more consistent measurements. Results such as these provide much needed information for comparing ice accretion data. Understanding of relationships among collector configurations could be refined further by collecting data from natural ice storms under a broader range of weather conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1429-1442
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Volume59
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Ice thickness
  • Icing
  • Icing
  • Instrumentation/sensors
  • Measurements
  • Surface observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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  • Cite this

    Campbell, J. L., Rustad, L. E., Garlick, S., Newman, N., Stanovick, J. S., Halm, I., Driscoll, C. T., Barjenbruch, B. L., Burakowski, E., Hilberg, S. D., Sanders, K. J., Shafer, J. C., & Doesken, N. J. (2020). A comparison of low-cost collector configurations for quantifying ice accretion. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 59(9), 1429-1442. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-19-0280.1