This study examined the frequency with which behavioral interventions reported in the research literature were being incorporated into residential treatment programs addressing identical skill deficits. A sample of 113 research articles involving 299 subjects and a corresponding sample of 299 adaptive skil programs implemented in state-funded facilities were reviewed. Information was collected about subject attributes, target behaviors, types of intervention, and alternative instructional techniques. Chi-square analyses revealed significant differences between researchers and clinicians in the categories of adaptive and maladaptive behavior targeted as well as the behavioral interventions reported. Disparities were also found in treatment implementation practices including the use of task analysis, instruction in the natural environment, teaching of replacement skills, and the functional analysis of behavior. These differences are discussed in light of federal regulations governing practices in state-funded facilities as well as current research trends.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology