A combined polarized target/ionization chamber for measuring the spin dependence of nuclear muon capture in laser polarized muonic 3He

P. Bogorad, E. J. Brash, G. D. Cates, W. J. Cummings, A. Gorelov, M. D. Hasinoff, O. Hausser, K. Hicks, R. Holmes, J. C. Huang, D. Krieger, K. S. Kumar, B. Larson, W. Lorenzon, J. McCracken, P. Michaux, H. Middleton, E. Saettler, D. Siegel, Paul A SouderD. R. Swenson, J. Thywissen, D. Tupa, J. Ullom, X. Wang, A. R. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe a device used in experiment 1231 at LAMPF and in e683 at TRIUMF to study the spin dependence of the reaction μ- + 3He → 3H + vμ. In order to study the spin dependence, we needed to form and polarize muonic 3He and in the same volume detect the 1.9 MeV tritons created in the reaction. Furthermore, the recoil direction of the tritons had to be determined. The apparatus served both as a polarized target and as a detector. The detector, a gridded ion chamber, was incorporated inside a 51 polarized target that was filled with 8 atm of 3He and 100 Torr of N2 and rubidium metal. At the operating temperature of the device (205-230°C) the rubidium number density was approximately 1015 atoms/cm3. Muons that stopped in the target formed muonic helium atoms, which were then polarized by collisions with optically pumped Rb vapor. Two high-powered GaAlAs diode laser arrays were used to polarize the Rb in the 100 cm3 fiducial volume located inside the ion chamber. The ion chamber produced clean signals from the reaction tritons despite having to operate under the extreme conditions required for efficient optical pumping. The direction of the tritons was determined by analyzing the shapes of the ionization pulses. The muon polarization was measured using the decay electron asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-223
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume398
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 1997

Fingerprint

Ionization chambers
ionization chambers
muons
Rubidium
Lasers
rubidium
Detectors
lasers
Optical pumping
Atoms
Ionization
Helium
Semiconductor lasers
laser arrays
detectors
optical pumping
helium atoms
operating temperature
Vapors
Polarization

Keywords

  • Ionization chamber
  • Muon
  • Polarized target
  • Pseudoscalar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

A combined polarized target/ionization chamber for measuring the spin dependence of nuclear muon capture in laser polarized muonic 3He. / Bogorad, P.; Brash, E. J.; Cates, G. D.; Cummings, W. J.; Gorelov, A.; Hasinoff, M. D.; Hausser, O.; Hicks, K.; Holmes, R.; Huang, J. C.; Krieger, D.; Kumar, K. S.; Larson, B.; Lorenzon, W.; McCracken, J.; Michaux, P.; Middleton, H.; Saettler, E.; Siegel, D.; Souder, Paul A; Swenson, D. R.; Thywissen, J.; Tupa, D.; Ullom, J.; Wang, X.; Young, A. R.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 398, No. 2-3, 21.10.1997, p. 211-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bogorad, P, Brash, EJ, Cates, GD, Cummings, WJ, Gorelov, A, Hasinoff, MD, Hausser, O, Hicks, K, Holmes, R, Huang, JC, Krieger, D, Kumar, KS, Larson, B, Lorenzon, W, McCracken, J, Michaux, P, Middleton, H, Saettler, E, Siegel, D, Souder, PA, Swenson, DR, Thywissen, J, Tupa, D, Ullom, J, Wang, X & Young, AR 1997, 'A combined polarized target/ionization chamber for measuring the spin dependence of nuclear muon capture in laser polarized muonic 3He', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 398, no. 2-3, pp. 211-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(97)00873-5
Bogorad, P. ; Brash, E. J. ; Cates, G. D. ; Cummings, W. J. ; Gorelov, A. ; Hasinoff, M. D. ; Hausser, O. ; Hicks, K. ; Holmes, R. ; Huang, J. C. ; Krieger, D. ; Kumar, K. S. ; Larson, B. ; Lorenzon, W. ; McCracken, J. ; Michaux, P. ; Middleton, H. ; Saettler, E. ; Siegel, D. ; Souder, Paul A ; Swenson, D. R. ; Thywissen, J. ; Tupa, D. ; Ullom, J. ; Wang, X. ; Young, A. R. / A combined polarized target/ionization chamber for measuring the spin dependence of nuclear muon capture in laser polarized muonic 3He. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 1997 ; Vol. 398, No. 2-3. pp. 211-223.
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T1 - A combined polarized target/ionization chamber for measuring the spin dependence of nuclear muon capture in laser polarized muonic 3He

AU - Bogorad, P.

AU - Brash, E. J.

AU - Cates, G. D.

AU - Cummings, W. J.

AU - Gorelov, A.

AU - Hasinoff, M. D.

AU - Hausser, O.

AU - Hicks, K.

AU - Holmes, R.

AU - Huang, J. C.

AU - Krieger, D.

AU - Kumar, K. S.

AU - Larson, B.

AU - Lorenzon, W.

AU - McCracken, J.

AU - Michaux, P.

AU - Middleton, H.

AU - Saettler, E.

AU - Siegel, D.

AU - Souder, Paul A

AU - Swenson, D. R.

AU - Thywissen, J.

AU - Tupa, D.

AU - Ullom, J.

AU - Wang, X.

AU - Young, A. R.

PY - 1997/10/21

Y1 - 1997/10/21

N2 - We describe a device used in experiment 1231 at LAMPF and in e683 at TRIUMF to study the spin dependence of the reaction μ- + 3He → 3H + vμ. In order to study the spin dependence, we needed to form and polarize muonic 3He and in the same volume detect the 1.9 MeV tritons created in the reaction. Furthermore, the recoil direction of the tritons had to be determined. The apparatus served both as a polarized target and as a detector. The detector, a gridded ion chamber, was incorporated inside a 51 polarized target that was filled with 8 atm of 3He and 100 Torr of N2 and rubidium metal. At the operating temperature of the device (205-230°C) the rubidium number density was approximately 1015 atoms/cm3. Muons that stopped in the target formed muonic helium atoms, which were then polarized by collisions with optically pumped Rb vapor. Two high-powered GaAlAs diode laser arrays were used to polarize the Rb in the 100 cm3 fiducial volume located inside the ion chamber. The ion chamber produced clean signals from the reaction tritons despite having to operate under the extreme conditions required for efficient optical pumping. The direction of the tritons was determined by analyzing the shapes of the ionization pulses. The muon polarization was measured using the decay electron asymmetry.

AB - We describe a device used in experiment 1231 at LAMPF and in e683 at TRIUMF to study the spin dependence of the reaction μ- + 3He → 3H + vμ. In order to study the spin dependence, we needed to form and polarize muonic 3He and in the same volume detect the 1.9 MeV tritons created in the reaction. Furthermore, the recoil direction of the tritons had to be determined. The apparatus served both as a polarized target and as a detector. The detector, a gridded ion chamber, was incorporated inside a 51 polarized target that was filled with 8 atm of 3He and 100 Torr of N2 and rubidium metal. At the operating temperature of the device (205-230°C) the rubidium number density was approximately 1015 atoms/cm3. Muons that stopped in the target formed muonic helium atoms, which were then polarized by collisions with optically pumped Rb vapor. Two high-powered GaAlAs diode laser arrays were used to polarize the Rb in the 100 cm3 fiducial volume located inside the ion chamber. The ion chamber produced clean signals from the reaction tritons despite having to operate under the extreme conditions required for efficient optical pumping. The direction of the tritons was determined by analyzing the shapes of the ionization pulses. The muon polarization was measured using the decay electron asymmetry.

KW - Ionization chamber

KW - Muon

KW - Polarized target

KW - Pseudoscalar

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