4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b′]dithiophen-4-one (CPDTO) homopolymer with side chains on every other CPDTO

Jianyuan Sun, Swaminathan Venkatesan, Ashish Dubey, Qiquan Qiao, Cheng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A soluble 4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b;3,4-b′]dithiophene-4-one (CPDTO)-based polymer (C6-PCPDTO) has been synthesized from two monomers derived from nonalkylated CPDTO and didodecyl CPDTO (C12-CPDTO). Proton NMR, thermal analysis, UV–vis absorption, cyclic voltammetry, and XRD are used to characterize the polymer in solution and film. The new polymer has an optical bandgap of 1.28 eV in film, and has strong interchain interaction in chloroform solutions. The polymer contains a significant amount of homocoupled segments. The regular segments and homocoupled CPDTO segments render the polymer highly aggregating in solution. The non-planar homocoupled C12-CPDTO segments prevent the polymer from forming regular π-stacks, resulting in a low SCLC hole mobility (3.88 × 10−7 cm2V−1s−1). CV experiments show that C6-PCPDTO is stable in its oxidized and reduced states. Solar cell devices were fabricated from C6-PCPDTO2:PC60BM blends of different weight ratios. High PC60BM loading (80% or greater) was required for the devices to show measurable efficiency, indicating that the limited π-stacking of the polymer is not sufficient to cause effective phase separation. Further development of synthetic method is still needed to eliminate structural defects so that long-range ordered pi-stacking can be realized in the polymer for these applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1077-1085
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aggregation
  • bandgap
  • conjugated polymers
  • copolymerization
  • CPDTO
  • gel permeation chromatography (GPC)
  • homocoupling
  • multimodal molecular weight distribution
  • redox overpotential
  • Stille reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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