• 204 Heroy Geology Laboratory, Department of Earth Sciences Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244-1070

    United States

  • 5508 Citations
  • 38 h-Index
1978 …2021
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Research Output 1978 2017

2017
1 Citations

Along-Axis Structure and Crustal Construction Processes of Spreading Segments in Iceland: Implications for Magmatic Rifts

Siler, D. L. & Karson, J. A. Oct 1 2017 In : Tectonics. 36, 10, p. 2068-2084 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levees
Iceland
Subsidence
upper crust
crusts

Magnetic exploration of a low-temperature ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal site (Lost City, 30°N, MAR)

Szitkar, F., Tivey, M. A., Kelley, D. S., Karson, J. A., Früh-Green, G. L. & Denny, A. R. Mar 1 2017 In : Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 461, p. 40-45 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

magnetic anomalies
magnetic anomaly
magnetite
Ferrosoferric Oxide
partitioning
Transform faults
Strike-slip faults
Faulting
Iceland
rift zone
2016
4 Citations
accretion
crust
hot spot
rifting
seafloor spreading
4 Citations

Global rate and distribution of H2 gas produced by serpentinization within oceanic lithosphere

Worman, S. L., Pratson, L. F., Karson, J. A. & Klein, E. M. 2016 In : Geophysical Research Letters. 43, 12, p. 6435-6443 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

serpentinization
oceanic lithosphere
lithosphere
gases
gas
oceanic crust
dike
2015
4 Citations

Discovering the deep: A photographic atlas of the seafloor and ocean crust

Karson, J. A., Kelley, D. S., Fornari, D. J., Perfit, M. R. & Shank, T. M. Jan 1 2015 Cambridge University Press. 414 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

atlas
seafloor
crust
ocean
volume transport
2014
1 Citations

Diverse magma flow directions during construction of sheeted dike complexes at fast- to superfast-spreading centers

Horst, A. J., Varga, R. J., Gee, J. S. & Karson, J. A. Dec 5 2014 In : Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 408, p. 119-131 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levees
rock intrusions
spreading center
magma
dike
2013
14 Citations

Insights on lava-ice/snow interactions from large-scale basaltic melt experiments

Edwards, B. R., Karson, J., Wysocki, R., Lev, E., Bindeman, I. & Kueppers, U. Aug 2013 In : Geology. 41, 8, p. 851-854 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

lava
snow
melt
ice
experiment
2012

Do-it-yourself lava flows: Science, art and education in the Syracuse University LavaProject

Karson, J. A. & Wysocki, R. J. Sep 2012 In : Earth. 57, 9, p. 38-41 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

lava flow
art
Education
education
science
19 Citations

Investigating lava flow rheology using video analysis and numerical flow models

Lev, E., Spiegelman, M., Wysocki, R. J. & Karson, J. A. Dec 2012 In : Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 247-248, p. 62-73 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

lava
rheology
Rheology
lava flow
Optical flows
2 Citations

Subvolcanic subsidence and caldera formation during subaerial seafloor spreading in Iceland

Siler Dr, D. L. & Karson, J. A. Jul 2012 In : Geological Society of America Bulletin. 124, 7-8, p. 1310-1323 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

seafloor spreading
caldera
subsidence
lava flow
basin
2011
4 Citations

Paleomagnetic constraints on deformation of superfast-spread oceanic crust exposed at Pito Deep Rift

Horst, A. J., Varga, R. J., Gee, J. S. & Karson, J. A. Dec 1 2011 In : Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 116, 12, B12103

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

tectonics
oceanic crust
Levees
dike
crusts
2010
8 Citations
Transform faults
Levees
rock intrusions
dike
crusts
2009
16 Citations

Compositions of dikes and lavas from the Pito Deep Rift: Implications for crustal accretion at superfast spreading centers

Pollock, M. A., Klein, E. M., Karson, J. A. & Coleman, D. S. Mar 4 2009 In : Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 114, 3, B03207

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levees
rock intrusions
spreading center
dike
accretion
13 Citations
hydrothermal fluid
Rocks
rocks
Levees
Fluids
14 Citations
Iceland
Volcanoes
crustal thickening
Subsidence
subsidence
2008
12 Citations

Direct evidence from anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility for lateral melt migration at superfast spreading centers

Varga, R. J., Horst, A. J., Gee, J. S. & Karson, J. A. Aug 2008 In : Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 9, 8, Q08008

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levees
magnetic anisotropy
rock intrusions
spreading center
Magnetic susceptibility
31 Citations

Role of upwelling hydrothermal fluids in the development of alteration patterns at fast spreading ridges: Evidence from the sheeted dike complex at Pito Deep

Heft, K. L., Gillis, K. M., Pollock, M. A., Karson, J. A. & Klein, E. M. May 2008 In : Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 9, 5, Q05O07

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levees
rock intrusions
upwelling water
hydrothermal fluid
ridges
2007
13 Citations
hydrothermal systems
hydrothermal system
Seals
crusts
seafloor
48 Citations

Inconsistent correlation of seismic layer 2a and lava layer thickness in oceanic crust

Christeson, G. L., McIntosh, K. D. & Karson, J. A. Jan 25 2007 In : Nature. 445, 7126, p. 418-421 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oceans and Seas
Geology
39 Citations

Petrology and geochemistry of primitive lower oceanic crust from Pito Deep: Implications for the accretion of the lower crust at the Southern East Pacific Rise

Perk, N. W., Coogan, L. A., Karson, J. A., Klein, E. M. & Hanna, H. D. Nov 2007 In : Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 154, 5, p. 575-590 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Petrology
petrology
Geochemistry
geochemistry
oceanic crust
13 Citations

The lost city Hydrothermal field revisited

Kelley, D. S., Früh-Green, G. L., Karson, J. A. & Ludwig, K. A. Dec 2007 In : Oceanography. 20, SPL.ISS. 4, p. 90-99 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

city
2006
106 Citations

Detachment shear zone of the Atlantis Massif core complex, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 30 °n

Karson, J. A., Früh-Green, G. L., Kelley, D. S., Williams, E. A., Yoerger, D. R. & Jakuba, M. Jun 2006 In : Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 7, 6, Q06016

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tectonics
detachment
shear zone
ridges
Rocks
geophysics
geochemistry
oceanic crust
crusts
145 Citations

Mass transfer and fluid flow during detachment faulting and development of an oceanic core complex, Atlantis Massif (MAR 30°N)

Boschi, C., Früh-Green, G. L., Delacour, A., Karson, J. A. & Kelley, D. S. Jan 2006 In : Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 7, 1, Q01004

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Faulting
metasomatism
detachment
fluid flow
mass transfer
2005
591 Citations

A serpentinite-hosted ecosystem: The Lost City hydrothermal field

Kelley, D. S. , Karson, J. A. , Früh-Green, G. L. , Yoerger, D. R. , Shank, T. M. , Butterfield, D. A. , Hayes, J. M. , Schrenk, M. O. , Olson, E. J. , Proskurowski, G. , Jakuba, M. , Bradley, A. , Larson, B. , Ludwig, K. , Glickson, D. , Buckman, K. , Bradley, A. S. , Brazelton, W. J. , Roe, K. , Elend, M. J. & 6 others Delacour, A., Bernasconi, S. M., Lilley, M. D., Baross, J. A., Summons, R. E. & Sylva, S. P. Mar 4 2005 In : Science. 307, 5714, p. 1428-1434 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Methane
Geological Phenomena
Ecosystem
Chemical Phenomena
Hydrothermal Vents
18 Citations
Levees
mid-ocean ridges
rock intrusions
mid-ocean ridge
dike
9 Citations

Temporal and spatial variability in the composition of lavas exposed along the Western Blanco transform fault

Pollock, M. A., Klein, E. M., Karson, J. A. & Tivey, M. A. Nov 2005 In : Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 6, 11, Q11009

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Transform faults
transform fault
crusts
Crystallization
mid-ocean ridge basalt
2004
91 Citations

East African Rift System (EARS) plume structure: Insights from Quaternary mafic lavas of Turkana, Kenya

Furman, T., Bryce, J. G., Karson, J. & Iotti, A. May 2004 In : Journal of Petrology. 45, 5, p. 1069-1088 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

African rift system
Kenya
Trace Elements
mantle source
plumes
11 Citations
Levees
lava
rock intrusions
oceanic crust
shear stress
9 Citations
escarpments
ground truth
sidescan sonar
sonar
escarpment
8 Citations

Structural expression of oblique seafloor spreading in the Macquarie Island ophiolite, Southern Ocean

Rivizzigno, P. A. & Karson, J. A. Feb 2004 In : Geology. 32, 2, p. 125-128 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

seafloor spreading
ophiolite
oceanic crust
discontinuity
spreading center
2003
222 Citations

30,000 Years of hydrothermal activity at the Lost City vent field

Früh-Green, G. L., Kelley, D. S., Bernasconi, S. M., Karson, J. A., Ludwig, K. A., Butterfield, D. A., Boschi, C. & Proskurowski, G. Jul 25 2003 In : Science. 301, 5632, p. 495-498 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Strontium Isotopes
Oxygen Isotopes
Carbon Isotopes
Seawater
Hot Temperature
18 Citations

Geochemical relationships between dikes and lavas at the Hess Deep Rift: Implications for magma eruptibility

Stewart, M. A., Klein, E. M., Karson, J. A. & Brophy, J. G. Apr 10 2003 In : Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 108, 4

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levees
rock intrusions
magma
dike
phenocryst
26 Citations

Isotopic composition of gypsum in the Macquarie Island ophiolite: Implications for the sulfur cycle and the subsurface biosphere in oceanic crust

Alt, J. C., Davidson, G. J., Teagle, D. A. H. & Karson, J. A. Jun 2003 In : Geology. 31, 6, p. 549-552 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

sulfur cycle
ophiolite
biosphere
oceanic crust
gypsum
2002
36 Citations
Levees
Geochemistry
mid-ocean ridges
geochemistry
rock intrusions
63 Citations
rock intrusions
spreading center
oceanic crust
dike
crusts
128 Citations

Geology of the Atlantis Massif (Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 30°N): Implications for the evolution of an ultramafic oceanic core complex

Blackmann, D. K., Karson, J. A., Kelley, D. S., Cann, J. R., Früh-Green, G. L., Gee, J. S., Hurst, S. D., John, B. E., Morgan, J., Nooner, S. L., Ross, D. K., Schroeder, T. J. & Williams, E. A. 2002 In : Marine Geophysical Researches. 23, 5-6, p. 443-469 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Domes
Geology
geology
dome
ridges
33 Citations
lava
Levees
rock intrusions
oceanic crust
ridges
8 Citations
magnetic anisotropy
Remanence
Magnetic anisotropy
tectonics
remanence
42 Citations

Proterozoic blueschist-bearing mélange in the Anti-Atlas mountains, Morocco

Hefferan, K. P., Admou, H., Hilal, R., Karson, J. A., Saquaque, A., Juteau, T., Bohn, M. M., Samson, S. D. & Kornprobst, J. M. Nov 25 2002 In : Precambrian Research. 118, 3-4, p. 179-194 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bearings (structural)
blueschist
atlas
blueschist facies
Proterozoic
2001
633 Citations

An off-axis hydrothermal vent field near the mid-atlantic ridge at 30° n

Kelley, D. S., Karson, J. A., Blackman, D. K., Früh-Green, G. L., Butterfield, D. A., Lilley, M. D., Olson, E. J., Schrenk, M. O., Roe, K. K., Lebon, G. T. & Rivizzigno, P. Jul 12 2001 In : Nature. 412, 6843, p. 145-149 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hydrothermal Vents
Oceans and Seas
Carbonates
Seawater
Sulfides
8 Citations
Transform faults
transform fault
spreading center
basalt
ridges
47 Citations

Fluid flow patterns in fast spreading East Pacific Rise crust exposed at Hess Deep

Gillis, K. M., Muehlenbachs, K., Stewart, M., Gleeson, T. & Karson, J. Nov 10 2001 In : Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 106, B11, p. 26311-26329 19 p., 2000JB000038

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levees
rock intrusions
flow pattern
Flow patterns
fluid flow
15 Citations

Oceanic crust when earth was young

Karson, J. A. May 11 2001 In : Science. 292, 5519, p. 1076-1079 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2000
75 Citations

Anti-Atlas (Morocco) role in Neoproterozoic Western Gondwana reconstruction

Hefferan, K. P., Admou, H., Karson, J. A. & Saquaque, A. 2000 In : Precambrian Research. 103, 1-2, p. 89-96 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gondwana
atlas
craton
suture zone
Hinges
23 Citations
convergent margin
ophiolite
trench
triple junction
subduction
26 Citations

Structural and magmatic segmentation of the Tertiary East Greenland Volcanic Rifted Margin

Karson, J. A. & Brooks, C. K. 2000 In : Geological Society Special Publication. 164, p. 313-338 26 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Transform faults
Basalt
flexure
Subsidence
segmentation
29 Citations

Uranium-series age constraints on lavas from the axial valley of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, MARK area

Sturm, M. E., Goldstein, S. J., Klein, E. M., Karson, J. A. & Murrell, M. T. 2000 In : Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 181, 1-2, p. 61-70 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Volcanoes
Uranium
Tectonics
uranium
valleys